Iran Highlights and Nomads 409-1

A journey to the history with a break to visit Ghashgahee nomads, with their pure, rich and amazing culture and life style


Ramhormoz (Lurish: روومز – Rümez; Persian: رامهرمز; also Romanized as Rāmhormoz and Rām Hormuz; also known as Rāmuz  is the capital city of Ramhormoz County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 49,822, in 10,966 families.

In ancient times it had been known as Samangan, having been established during the Sassanid period, although an Elamite tomb has been found as well. The historical territory of Ramshir is located in this area, only 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from the city.

According to a Sahih Bukhari hadith, Ramhormoz is the ancestral homeland of Salman the Persian.

The residents of the city are primarily Bakhtiari


Ramsar is a city in and the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 33,018, in 9,421 families. Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It was also known as Sakhtsar in the past. Natives of Ramsar speak the Gilaki language which is a member of Northwest-Iranian languages and a dialect of Persian along with Mazandarani. The town is known for having some of the highest levels of natural background radiation on Earth.


Sareyn is a city in Ardabil province. Sareyn is known for its hot springs. The population is about 8,000, and increases to more than 20,000 in the summer because of the many tourists who go there due to the charming climate.
It stands 28 kilometer from Ardabil and total area is 1.28 square kilometer. At the 2006 census, its population was 4,478, in 1,135 families, Iranreview wrote.
The Sareyn springs are near an inactive volcano in mount Sabalan and its water contains sulphur particles and it is believed that it is good for bone and joint pains
Weather: -8°C, Wind SE at 16 km/h, 90% Humidity
Local time: Tuesday 9:00 AM
Population: 4,478 (2006)
Province: Ardabil Province


Meymand is a very ancient village which is located near Shahr-e Babak city in Kerman Province, Iran. Meymand is believed to be a primary human residence in the Iranian Plateau, dating back to 12,000 years ago. Many of the residents live in the 350 hand-dug houses amid the rocks, some of which have been inhabited for as long as 3,000 years. Stone engravings nearly 10,000 years old are found around the village, and deposits of pottery nearly 6,000 years old attest to the long history of settlement at the village site.

Regarding the origin of these structures two theories have been suggested:According to the first theory, this village was built by a group of the Aryan tribe about 800 to 700 years B.C. and at the same time with the Median era. It is possible that the cliff structures of Meymand were built for religious purposes. Worshippers of Mithras believe that the sun is invincible and this guided them to consider mountains as sacred. Hence the stone cutters and architects of Meymand have set their beliefs out in the construction of their dwellings. Based on the second theory the village dates back to the second or third century A.D. During the Arsacid era different tribes of southern Kerman migrated in different directions. These tribes found suitable places for living and settled in those areas by building their shelters which developed in time into the existing homes. The existence of a place known as the fortress of Meymand, near the village, in which more than 150 ossuaries (bone-receptacle) of the Sassanid period were found, strengthens this theory

Weather: 5°C, Wind SW at 10 km/h, 23% Humidity
Local time: Tuesday 8:42 AM
Population: 673 (2006)
Province: Kerman Province.


Yasuj is a city in and the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 96,786, in 20,297 families. Yasuj is an industrial city in the Zagros Mountains of southwestern Iran.

Weather: -2°C, Wind E at 0 km/h, 75% Humidity
Local time: Tuesday 10:17 AM
Population: 108,505 (2011) UNdata
Province: Boyer-Ahmad County
Number of airports: 1
Colleges and Universities: Yasuj University of Medical Sciences,Pooya Institute of Higher Education


Urmia (pronounced  (Azerbaijani: Urmu, Urmiyə, Persian: ارومیه‎‎, Kurdish: Wirmê – ورمێ‎, Armenian: Ուրմիա, Aramaic: ܐܘܪܡܝܐ‎,) is the second largest city in the north-west of Iran, is a city in and the capital of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Urmia is situated at an altitude of 1,330 m above sea level, and is located along the Shahar Chay river (City River) on the Urmia Plain. Lake Urmia, one of the world’s largest salt lakes, lies to the east of the city and the mountainousTurkish border area lies to the west.

Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 667,499 with 197,749 households. The city’s inhabitants are predominantlyIranian Azerbaijanis who speak the Azerbaijani language,. There are also minorities of Kurds, Assyrians, and Armenians.The city is the trading center for a fertile agricultural region where fruits (especially apples and grapes) and tobacco are grown.

An important town by the 9th century, Urmia was seized by the Seljuk Turks (1184), and later occupied a number of times by the Ottoman Turks. For centuries the city has had a diverse population which has at times included Muslims, Christians (Catholics, Protestants, Nestorians, and Orthodox), Jews, Bahá’ísand Sufis. Around 1900, Christians made up more than 40% of the city’s population, however, most of the Christians fled in 1918 as a result of the Persian Campaign during World War I and the Armenian and Assyrian Genocides


Qazvin is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin in Iran. Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Persian Empire and nowadays is known as the calligraphy capital of Iran

Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Persian Empire and nowadays is known as calligraphy capital of Iran. The most famous calligrapher was Mir Emad Qazvini. Dehkhoda who wrote the Persian dictionary (you can find his statue in Azadi Square. The most famous poet was Ubayd Zakani. Qazvin can perhaps be said to be a moderate city, in relation to its adherence to Islamic religious and cultural values. Many people, women in particular, dress modestly but are not limited to the a black hejab, and many women can be seen wearing thin, brightly coloured scarves to cover their hair. However, many women wear an enveloping headress, designed to completely cover all hair. It is advised to dress respectfully in this context, by all means express yourself through a nature of hejab materials and colours, but be mindful of social and religious values at play.

Weather: 3°C, Wind NE at 3 km/h, 75% Humidity
Province: Qazvin Province
Population: 381,598 (2011) UNdata
Local time: Tuesday 9:55 AM
Area code: 28
Colleges and Universities: Imam Khomeini International University,more

Mesr & Farahzad

Mesr is an oasis located in the central desert of Iran, (known as Dashte-Kavir in Persian). The central mountain ranges of Iran which are predominantly isolated oasis Type Mountains which run through the desert territory of Iran, are close by. The town’s only water source and therefore lifeline comes from a spring that flows out of the foothills of the aforementioned mountains quite close to the heart of the village. This is the only source of life for the gardens and Date Palm orchards that make this oasis such a special place.

As far as we know it has been thus for several thousand years.The documented history of human settlement in the area is as far back as 4000 years ago but there exists some relatively reliable evidence that suggests human habitation as far back as 7000 years ago. The main activity for the natives during this incredibly long period had been some form of agriculture and wresting sustenance out of the harsh and unforgiving conditions that are the reality of this land.During more recent historical times (from about 2000 years ago), the oasis was placed on the main route of the of the famous Silk Road and therefore the main trading route between China and Europe. Consequently many travelers have passed through the area. A famous Persian poet, philosopher and adventu

rer by the name of Nasser Khosro passed through the area about 950 years ago and has mentioned the area in his travel writing. This is very well known for all literate Persian readers.

As an example of the more well known European travelers of the last few centuries; one can mention the names of Seven Hedin and Alfonse Gabriel who visited Garmeh about a century ago.

The hot villages in the central desert are one of the favorite types of ecotourism in Iran, visited by many Iranian and foreign eco tourists every year.  Khour, Mesr and Garme are the widely known areas located in the southern part of the desert which deserve more attention.Perhaps Mesr village is one of the amazing natural highlights of Persia especially for those who enjoy experiencing the rough but beautiful nature of the desert. Mesr (which means Egypt in English) is located 30 km North of Khour town in Isfahan province. The village is accessible from two almost non-asphalted roads. One is to the east of Khour town which is about 35 km long. The other road is from Jandagh

town which is about 45 km long. It has a dry and hot climate because

of its location in the Southern part of Iran’s central desert. The village is somewhat deserted; there aren’t many faciliti

es but there is a telecommunication center for making calls and a generator producing electricity for the village. What’s more, despite the roughness and being far away from the other spotlight of tourism in Iran, it gets quite many visitors during the year, half of which are foreigners. Thus, they are very much familiar with tourists and are prepared to welcome them and provide some services to somewhat facilitate your trip.



At the 2011 census, its population was 373,987. Sanandaj is the twenty-third largest city in Iran. Until the 17th century it was only a small village, when the governor of the region, Suleyman Khan Ardalan, built (or renovated) a fortress there, known as “Sena Dezh”, which gave the town its Persian name. Some sources date the origin of the fortress to the period of Abbasid rule (750–1258)

The suffix Diz means castle and also thief in the Iranian languages. There are four Kurdish towns which their names ends with Diz namely RawanDiz, Qaladiz and Snandiz and Shahindiz.

The economy of Sanandaj is based upon the production of carpets, processed hides and skins, milled rice, refined sugar, woodworking, cotton weaving, metalware and cutlery.

The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish. The city also had an Armenian minority who gradually immigrated from the city. Until the Iranian revolution, the city had a small Aramaic-speaking Jewish community of about 4,000 people.[4] The city boasted a sizable Assyrian community that spoke a unique dialect of Aramaic calledSenaya; however, Senaya speakers left Sanandaj for Tehran sometime in the mid-twentieth century.

Area: 2,906 km²
Weather: -2°C, Wind S at 0 km/h, 93% Humidity
Local time: Tuesday 9:18 AM
Population: 373,987 (2011) UNdata
Area code: 87
Province: Kurdistan Province


Damghan is situated 342 kilometres (213 mi) east of Tehran on the high-road to Mashad, at an elevation of 1,250 m (4,101 ft). The city trades in pistachios and paperalmonds (kaghazi), with very thin shells, which are famous throughout the country.[citation needed]

Damghan was an important city in the Middle Ages, and was the capital of the province of Qumis (Qoomes), but was destroyed by the Afghans in 1723. Few remnants of that time remain; one is the ruined Tari-khaneh mosque with a number of massive columns and wood carvings and two minarets of the 11th century. The remains ofHecatompylos lie to the southwest of the city, extending from Forat, 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Damghan, to nearly 32 kilometres (20 mi) west. On an eminence in the western part of the city are the ruins of a large square citadel with a small white-washed building, called Molud Khaneh (the house of birth), in which Fath Ali Shahwas born (1772).[3] The Tari-khaneh (c. 9th century), possibly the oldest known mosque in Iran, still stands in the city.

To the southeast of the city there is ruin of a castle from the Sassanids now called Tappeh Hessar, which is thought to be a garrison. After excavation in 1996, archeologists announced that the area ruins indicated three layers from three different eras. The oldest one dates back to 4000 BCE when the Aryans settled in the Iranian plateau.

Despite 7,000 years history, Damghan has been forgotten beneath desert sand dunes, It is one of the most ancient urban metropolis in the Iranian plateau, with many historical monuments including Tappeh Hessar which belongs to the Median (728-550 BCE), Parthians (248-224 CE) and Sassanid (224-651 CE) dynastic periods — the Tarikhaneh was built as a fire temple during the Sassanid dynasty and converted into a mosque after the advent of Islam – and many other historical buildings belonging to Seljuks and other periods.

Weather: 7°C, Wind SE at 16 km/h, 59% Humidity
Local time: Monday 2:02 PM
Population: 57,331 (2006)
Province: Semnan Province
University: Damghan University

Gonbad-e Kavus

Gonbad-e Kāvus is the city known historically as Gorgan/Hyrcania. The modern name, meaning “the tower of Kavus”, is a reference to the most imposing ancient monument in the city.

Weather: 15°C, Wind E at 21 km/h, 45% Humidity
Local time: Monday 1:18 PM
Population: 144,546 (2011) UNdata
Province: Golestan Province


Gorgan to the north east of Tehran, some 30 km (19 mi) away from the Caspian Sea. In the 2006 census, its population was 269,226, in 73,702 families

Area: 1,699 km²
Weather: 6°C, Wind NE at 11 km/h, 81% Humidity
Population: 329,536 (2011) UNdata
Local time: Monday 9:21 AM
Province: Golestan Province
Number of airports: 1
Colleges and Universities: Gorgan University, Islamic Azad University of Gorgan


Khorramabad is a city in and capital of Lorestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 328,544, in 75,945 families. Khorramabad is situated in the Zagros Mountains. Khorramabad Airport is 3 km south of the city prope

Khaydalu was one of the important cities of Elam Civilization.City of Shapurkhast was built on the ruins of Khaydalu on the orders of Shapur I Sasanid.Many experts believes that the ancient city of Khaydalu was the core of current Khorramabad city.


In the texts of historians Shapurkhast has been considered one of the most important and development cities of the region during this period.Falak-ol-Aflak castle ( Dež-e Shāpūr-Khwāst) has been built by Shapur I the Sasanid.

Islamic era

Probably in the late seventh century AD Shapurkhast city destroyed and people of Shapurkhast moved to west part of Falak-ol-aflak castle in terms of having plenty of water as well as safety.

Hamdallah Mustawfi Writes: Khorramabad was a beautiful city, now is destroyed.


The founder of dynasty was Abu Tahir ibn Muhammad, an descendant of the Shabankara chieftain Fadluya, who was initially a commander of the Salghurids of Fars and was appointed as the governor of Kuhgiluya, but eventually gained independence in Luristan and extended his realm as far as Isfahan and assumed the prestigious title of atabeg.

Safavid dynasty

During Safavid dynasty Khorramabad was governmental center of Luristan.

Khorramabad city –

Qajar dynasty

In this periods Khorramabad city was limited to neighboring of Falak-ol-aflak castle.This period was beginning of people migration from small villages to the Khorramabad city.migrations in addition to increasing population, expanded city and created new districts.

Pahlavi dynasty

Khorramabad municipal was formed in 1913 and first city council consists of 7 members was formed in 1916

Weather: 1°C, Wind SE at 11 km/h, 75% Humidity

Population: 348,216 (2011) UNdata
Local time: Monday 8:38 AM
Province: Lorestan Province
Number of airports: 1

University: Lorestan University of Medical Sciences


Area: 18.01 km²
Weather: 8°C, Wind W at 14 km/h, 53% Humidity
Local time: Thursday 10:55 AM
Population: 482,632 (2011) UNdata
Area code: 45
Province: Ardabil Province

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