Perspolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It is situated 60 km northwest of the city of Shiraz in fars province.
The earliest remains of Perspolis date backto 515 BC and Founded by Darius I in 518 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of Architecture.
It wasbuilt on an immense half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models.
The importance and quality of the monumental ruins make it a unique archaeological site.
UNESCO declared the ruins of Perspolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Perspolis whose magnificant ruins rest at the foot of kuh-e Rahmat (Mountain of Mercy) in south-western Iran, is among the world’s greatest archaeological sites.
Renowned as the gem of Achaemenid (Persian) ensembles in the fields of architecture, urban planning, construction technology, and art, the royal city of Perspolis ranks among the archaeological sites which have no equivalent and which bear unique witness to a most ancient civilization.
Inspired by Mesopotamian models, the Achaemenid kings Darius I (522-486 BCE), his son Xerxes I (486-165 BCE), and his grandson Artaxerxes I (465-424 BCE) built a splendid palatial complex on an immense half-natural, half-artificial terrace.
The 13-ha ensemble of majestic approaches, monumental stairways, throne rooms, and dependencies is classified among the world’s greatest archaeological sites.
Perspolis was the seal of government of the Achaemenid Empire, though it was designed primarily to be a showplace and spectacular centre for the receptions and festivals of the kings and their empire.
Ruins and remains
Ruins of a number of colossal buildings exist on the terrace. All are cinstructed of dark-grey marble. Fifteen of their pillars stand intact.
– Gate of All Nations
The Gate of All Nations, referring to subjects of the empire, consisted of a grand hall that was a square of approximately 25 meters (82 ft) in length, with four columns and its entrance on the Western Wall
Darius I built the greatest palace of Perspolis on the western side of platform. The king of kings used it for official audiences.
– The Throne Hall
Next to the Apadana, Seceond largest building of the Terrace and the final edifices, is the Throne Hall or the Imperial Army’s Hall of Honor. This 70*70 square meters hall was started by Xerxes I and completed by his son Artaxerxes I by the end of the fifth century BC.
– Other Places and Structures
Other places include the Tachara, which was built under Darius I, and the Imperial treasury, which was started by Darius I in 510 BC and finished by Xerxes I in 480 BC.
The Hadish palace of Xerxes I occupies the highest level of terrace and stands on the living rock.
Other structures of near the terrace are including:
– The Council Hall
– The Tryplion Hall
– The Palaces of D, G, H
– Stables and quarters
– The unfinished gateway
– A few miscellaneous structures at Perspolis