Golestan Palace 2016-01-05
Golestan Palace is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran’s capital city, Tehran.
The walled palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Tehran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Tehran the capital of the country.
It became a bentre of Qajar arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day.
At present, Golestan Palace complex consists of eight key palace structure mostly used as museums and the eponymous gardens, a green shared centre of the complex, surrounded by an outer wall with gates.
This historical Arg was built at the time of Shah Tahmasb I in Safavid period. It was reconstructed at the time of Karim Khan Zand and was choosen as the venue of the royal court and residence at the time of Qajar kings.
The royal court and residence occupied more than one third of Arg, like traditional Iranian houses, had two interior and exterior quarters. The exterior quarters considered of the administrative section of the royal court and a square shaped garden known as Golestan (rose garden). This two parts were seperated by sevveral buildings, that were destroyed in Pahlavi period.
On October 11, 2005 the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran submitted the palace to the UNESCO for inclusion into the World Heritage list in 2007.