Alamut Castle 2017-04-08
Alamut Castle was a mountain fortress in the central Alborz Mountains south of the Caspian Sea of Daylam near the Rudbar region in Iran, approximately 100 km (60 mi) from present-day Tehran. Only ruins remain of this fortress today. The name means “Eagle’s Nest”.
The region’s greatest attraction is the fabled ruin of Alamut Castle , Hasan-e Sabbah’s famous fortress site.
Under the leadership of Hasan-i Sabbah, Alamut became the site of intense activity for the Shi’a Nizari Ismai’li, along with a smaller subgroup known as the Assassins, between 1090 and 1256 AD. During the medieval period, the castle functioned as the major stronghold of the Nizari Ismaili state. In 1256, Ismaili control of the fortress was lost to the invading Mongols, and its famous library holdings were destroyed when the castle’s library was condemned to be burned by Ata-Malik Juvayni, a servant of the Mongol court.
The fortress was first built in 840at an elevation of 2,100 meters. It was built with only one passable entrance that wound its way around the cliff face (the one natural approach, a steep gravel slope, was too dangerous to use). This made conquering the fortress extremely difficult.