With a high contrast of culture, history, archaeology and nature, it’s guaranteed that everybody will be shocked of their different images before and after the trip to this fantastic country. A research shows that almost all of the visitors of Iran, fall in love with this country, especially because of the friendliest and hospitable people of the world (according to the passengers’ reviews). The strategic and classic link between East (Asia) and West (Europe) since thousands of years and covering a long piece of “Silk Road”, it has many attractions to offer all over the land.
UNESCO World Heritage sites such as “Naghsh-e Jahan” Square with astonishing and colorful historical buildings; “Persepolis”, the capital of ancient “Persian Empire”; “Yazd” old town, the world largest live adobe (sun-dried bricks) city in the world, one of Iranian cities that is visited by Marco Polo; “Chogha Zanbil” Pyramid temple, dating back to more than 3200 years ago, and magnificent eastern bazaars (or better to say, “Persian Covered Bazaars”, because of their typical architectures), all of them with many more attractions invite you to visit them and be impressed.
Nature-lovers also have many things to see. Vast deserts with their mysterious atmosphere and adventurous activities; rich rainforests facing the “Caspian Sea”, the world’s largest lake; long white-sand beaches in Kish Island in the heart of “Persian Gulf”; mountains like “Damavand Summit” as highest volcano in all of Asia and 5th in the world (by elevation) and also 12th highest mount in the world and rich flora & fauna in a 4-seasons country, are some of the natural attractions to be discovered by you.
You will wonder how you wouldn’t had visited this country before.
Islamic Republic of Iran
Middle East / West Asia
Persian (Farsi) 60%, Turkish 20%, Kurdi 10%, Lori 5%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other about 1%
Muslim 95% (Shi'a 85%, Sunni 10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish and Christian) 5%
Current Regime 1979, however Iran country is among world most ancient countries
77,356,343 (2013 estimate)
Iranian Rial (IRR)
220V, 50Hz (European plug)
Isfahan, Shiraz, Tehran, Yazd, Kashan, Susa, Shushtar, Ahwaz, Kerman, Ardabil, Tabriz, Kermanshah, Hamadan, Mesr Desert
Iran has a rich history. It’s not clear the beginning of civilization in this country, but archeological findings have recorded up to 11,000 years of human civilizations till now.
Shiraz is known as the city of Poets and literature and is the home to the tombs of Hafez and Sa’adi, two great Persian poets. It is also home to splendid Persian gardens, beautiful mosques and UNESCO listed palace complex, Persepolis. This ancient city is one of the most attractive cities in Iran. Shiraz is mentioned in Elamite inscriptions from 2000 BC and was an important regional center under Sassanid. It became Iran's capital during Zand dynasty in 1747 after death of last king of Safavid Dynasty in Isfahan. Area: 240 km2 (86.487 sq mi) Population: 1,525,696 (2012) Elevation: 1,500 m (5,200 ft) Time zone: IRST (UTC+3:30)
Shiraz has hot semi-arid climate,Summers are hot, with a July average high of 38.8 °C (101.8 °F). Winters are cool, with average low temperatures below freezing in December and January. Around 300 mm (12 in) of rain falls each year.
- hafez Tomb- Mausoleum of Hafez – Hafez (1324-1391), the greatest master of Persian lyric poetry and the literary giant of the 14th century in the west and central Asia
- Saadi Tomb- Mausoleum of Saadi: Here lie the earthly remains of one of Iran’s greatest poets-Sa’di. Even from the very early days after the poet’s death, the mausoleum of Sa’di became a place of pilgrimage to lovers of poetry and literature. In 1808 AD Karim Khan Zand renovated the mausoleum. The tomb was rebuilt in the early 50’s. The porch with its tall columns of pinkish marble is a traditional feature of Iranian architecture.
- Arg of Karim Khan-Formerly a prison, but now an architectural wonder on exhibit.
- Afif abad Garden(Bagh-e-afifabad)-A garden and houses owned by the Ghavami family. Highly recommended. It contains a former royal mansion, a historical weapons museum, and a Persian garden that is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz, all open to the public.
- Eram Garden(Bagh-e-eram)-This stunningly beautiful complex contains a vast network of gardens, as well as a colorful palace and a system of small artificial rivers flowing throughout the entire area. Tourists can admire the wonderful flora or follow the little canals’ intricate system.
- Narangestan Qavam(Bagh-e-naranjestan)-Is both traditional and historical house, It was built in the mid-to-late 19th century by Mirza Ibrahim Khan. The Qavam “Naranjestan” preserves the elegance and refinement enjoyed by the upper class families during the 19th century. The mirrored porch was a focal point of the house, overlooking onto gardens lined with date palms and flowers.The house today is a museum open to the public.
- Nasir al-Mulk Mosque-It was built during the Qājār era, the mosque has extensively colored glass in its facade, and other traditional elements such as panj kāseh-i (five concaves) in its design.
- Jame’e Atigh Mosque
- Vakil Mosque-Was built between 1751 and 1773, during the Zand period; however, it was restored in the 19th century during the Qajar period where its exuberant floral decorative tiles date from.
- Vakil Mosque-Was built between 1751 and 1773, during the Zand period; however, it was restored in the 19th century during the Qajar period where its exuberant floral decorative tiles date from.
- Shah Cheragh- Seyed Amir Ahmad, known as Shah-e Cheragh, the brother of Imam Reza, came to Shiraz in the latter half of the 8th century. He passed away in the city and his tomb is now a respected place of pilgrimage. The structure, tile work and the dome of the mausoleum have been rebuilt several times over the centuries. The tomb, the beautiful silver doors and the exquisite mirror work are the handicrafts of masters and contemporary artists of Shiraz.
- Vakil Bath-An old public bath.
- Vakil Bazaar-Has beautiful courtyards, caravanserais, bath houses, and old shops where hundreds of vendor are housed, which makes it deemed among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques.
- Saray-e-Moshir-A caravansary at the south entrance of Bazaar Vakil, which now functions as exhibition space for Iranian handicrafts.
- Qor’an Gate(Dar vazeh Quran)-the city’s main entrance. The original gate was built as an ornamental decoration by the Buwwayhids (Buwayhid dynasty) about 1000 years ago, but this was replaced 60 years ago by new gate, which is considered one of the finest architectural designs in Iran and has won numerous awards.
Isfahan is one of the most popular tourist destination in Iran. The impressive tree-line boulevards, magnificent buildings and Persian gardens has made it a unique city amongst other Iranian cities. Isfahan is known as half the world and some might rank the city as one of the rarest cities around the world such as Rome and Athen.The walled city of Isfahan is home to many mosques and beautiful wealthy houses.
Isfahan's Persian gardens, Meidan-e-Imam and Masjed-e Jame are amongst the Unesco world heritage lists.
Isfahan was Seljuks dynasty's capital in 1047 and during this time the city benefited from impressive geometric style of architecture. Sadly, like many other cities in Iran it was invaded by Mongols. The glorious Safavid king, Shah Abbas the Great in 1598 made Isfahan his capital, and a large-scale building programme transformed it into Iran’s most beautiful city, home to his court, the royal artist’s workshop and a centre of luxury Persian carpet production. During this period Isfahan became a cultural crossroads and luxury Persian silk was exchanged for gold and silver in Europe.
Area: 280 km2 (110 sq mi)
Population: 1,908,968 (2012)
Elevation: 1,590 m (5,217 ft)
Time zone: IRDT 21 March – 20 September (UTC+4:30)
Isfahan has an arid climate. It remains hot during the summer with maximum typically around 35 °C (95 °F). However, with low humidity and moderate temperatures at night, the climate can be very pleasant. During the winter, days are mild while nights can be very cold.
- Qeysarie Bazaar- 17th century
- Shahi Bazaar– 17th century
- Pol-e Shahrestan (The Shahrestan bridge)
- Marnan Bridge
- Pol-e Khaju(Khaju Bridge) – 1650.
- Si-o-Seh Pol (The Bridge of 33 Arches) – 1602.
- Pol-e-Joui or Choobi (Joui Bridge). – 1665
Gardens and Parks
- Birds Garden
- Flower Garden
Palaces and caravanserais
- Ali Qapu(The Royal Palace) – early 17th century
- Hasht-Behesht (The Palace of Eight Paradises)– 1669
- Chehel Sotoun(The Palace of Forty Columns) – 1647
- Shah Caravanserai
Squares and streets
- Naqsh-e Jahan Square also known as “Shah Square” or “Imam Square” – 1602.
- Meydan Kohne (Old Square)
- Chahar Bagh Boulevard– 1596.
- Chahar Bagh-e-Khajou Boulevard
- Abbasi hotel tea house
- Fereni Hafez
- Shahrzad restaurant
- Abstain traditional restaurant
- Khan Gostar restaurant
- Naghsh-e Jahan Traditional Banquet Hall
- Jameh Mosque
- Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque – 1618
- Imam Mosque -1629
- Vank Cathedral – 1664
Tehran is a wonderfully diverse and vast city with pleasant parks scattered around it. While, the southern part offers historic monuments, the northern Tehran spreading up into Alborz foothills and made it a perfect place for an evening walking or a weekend hiking. To experience the real Tehran go beyond the museums and get into the cafes and traditional tearooms. Tehran is the most dynamic and liberal city in Iran. Tehran became the capital city of Qajar Dynasty in 1795. In 1867, inspired by urban planning in St. Petersburg and the work of Hassmann in Paris and Shah Naser al-din ordered the French military engineer general Buhler to tear down the city walls, fill in the defensive ditches to form thoroughfares wide enough for European style carriage. The population of the city grows substantially from 210,000 in 1920 to 12 million in 2011. Currently Tehran accounts for more than half of the country's economic activity and is set to grow further and more people from the villages are moving to Tehran seeking of employment.
The elevation in Tehran is very different in south and north of the city (1100 to 1700 m).
Weather is mild during March-May and also September-November.
In summer it’s hot and in winter cold. Rain is common in autumn and winter and it snows sometimes during winter.
Azadi Tower means Freedom, has been the longstanding symbol of Tehran. It was constructed to commemorate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, combines elements of Sassanid and Islamic architecture. The entrance of the tower is directly underneath the main vault and leads into the Azadi Museum on the basement floor.
Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini, (Metro: Haram-e-Motahar, on the southern edge of the city). The sheer size of the shrine/shopping Centre is enough to make the trip worth it. Free.
Milad Tower, Milad tower is the fourth tallest telecom tower in the world and 12th tallest freestanding structure in the world, and it is visible from almost everywhere in Tehran. Note that tickets to enter the observation lounge must be reserved in advance. There is a revolving restaurant at 390m above the ground, which has become one of the most luxurious restaurants in the country.
Tehran has more than 50 museum and 100 art galleries.
Treasury of the National Jewels, (Ferdowsi St, near the corner of Jomhuriyeh Eslami Ave; next to the Iranian Central Bank).Saturday to Tuesday from 2PM to 4:30PM. The largest collection of jewels found anywhere in the world. You’ll get to see the collection of jewels including Darya-e-Noor diamond, the sister diamond to the Kuh-e-Noor diamond. Other highlights include the world’s largest uncut ruby and a free standing golden globe made from 34 kilograms of gold and an astounding 51,366 precious stones. Admission: IRR 150,000. Free tours (with paid admission) are given in English
National Museum of Iran, 30 Tir Ave, Emam Khomeini Ave, http://www.nationalmuseumofiran.ir. Contains some of the most precious and significant artefacts from ancient Persia (dating back to 5000BC) and post-Islamic Persia (800AD). The must sees are the Salt Man, a prince who was naturally mummified in a salt mine for 2000 years. His clothes and jewels are still intact. Furthermore, there are statues of Parthian kings and there are many examples of Persian columns and structures. The building itself is a masterpiece from 1930s Iran.
Kolahstudio-an Art Basement,
Safir Office Machines Museum, It was founded in 2008 by Frashad Kamalkhani, the museum owner. It includes a collection of early office machines.
Sa’d Abad Gallery of Fine Arts,
Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran,
Carpet Museum & National Rug Gallery, exhibits a variety of Persian carpets from all over Iran, dating from 18th century to present. It has a library that contains 7,000 books.
Reza Abbasi Museum,named after Reza Abbasi, one of the artists in the Safavid period. The collections of this museum belong to a period from the 2nd millennium BC to the early 20th century.
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Features the works of great artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol. The collection of these paintings were selected by the former Empress Farah Diba.
Darabad Museum of Natural History. Iran’s most famous museum for nature and wildlife
Time Museum, No. 12, Baqdadi St., Zaferanieh St., Vali Asr Ave. The 700 Sq. m building is situated in a 6000 Sq. m garden. It is embellished with various dazzling Iranian arts and crafts such as ornamental brickwork, arched ceiling decorated with painting, plasterwork, tile work, nodular wood work and stone work. The garden includes biological clocks, sundials, and geologic measures of time. The building includes mechanical clocks, watches, and calendars.
Money Museum, Mirdamad Street. Coins and banknotes from different historic periods.
National Arts Museum, (Baharestan district).
Ebrat Museum. The prison of Shah.
Some might say this city is the most alluring city in Iran because its on the edge of Dasht-e kavir. In addition to impressive persian garden , the 19th century architectural design of the houses are significant. Also, Area:2000 km2 Population:322,557 Elevation: 982m Time Zone: IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Kashan has a desert climate.
Kashan’s architectural sights include:
- Ameri House
- Boroujerdi House
- Tabātabāei House
- Abbāsi House
- Fin Garden
- Kashan Bazaar
- Rose House,
- Amir Kabir Hotel
- Meydan Mosque
- Jameh Mosque of Kashan
- Tabriziha Mosque
- Agha Bozorg Mosque
Yazd is one of your destination that you will be amazed by its history and attractions. The city was Zoroastrian centre during Sassanids and even after Arab invasion this land allowed Zoroastrian to remain in this region due to its desert remote location. The location of this land also was another reason to be secured to large battles such as Mongol invasion. This noble city is an important centre of Persian architecture. The mud-brick old town has one of the largest network of Qanats in the world. The other impressive persian architecture element is the ancient efficient natural air conditioning. The forest of windcathers (Baadgir) on the roofs are designed to catch even the lightest breeze from different directions and direct it to the rooms below. Yazd is known for its silk and fine fabrics. In 13th century Marco Polo passed through the city and describe it as a very fine and splendid city and a centre of commerce. Since the city was a centre of Zoroastrian, you can explore and visit the Zoroastrian sites in this city such as tower of silence and fire temples. Area:845 km2 Population: 1,074,428 (2011) Elevation: 1,216 m (3,990 ft) Time zone: IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only 60 millimeters (2.4 in), and also the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below 0 °C (32 °F).
- House of Larry
- House of Malek al Tojjar
- Khan Bazaar
- Zargari Bazzar
- Water museum
- Fire Temple
- Tower of silence
- Amir Chakhmakh complex
- Amir Chakmakh mosque
- Alexanders prison
- Dowlat Abad Gardens
- Hammam-e Khan
- Mausoleum of Seyed Rokn al Din
- Mosque of Yazd (Grand Mosque of Yazd)
Hamadan is located in the foothills of the Zagros mountains which link Iran with Iraq. The impressive Mt. Alvand with 3,580m height is one of the natural attraction of Hamadan. The city plan largely laid out in 1,928 by German architect Karl Fritsch. The ancient 7th century city believed to be among the oldest cities in Iran. the city was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. Its ancient name is Ecbatana which is used in the Ezra textbook. According to Herodotus Ecbatana was a shining jewel with seven layers of city walls. The city developed during Parthian regime and remained a summer capital but neglected in Sassanid times. It was invaded by Arab armies in 645 A.D., mongol armies in 1,221 and Ottoman Empire in the 17th century. Its population was 548,378 at the 2010 census. The native people of Hamedan speak Persian but around the city and villages speak Turkish. The main historical symbols of this city are the Hegmataneh Archelogical Hill, Ganj Nameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher tomb. Hamadan has many historical stories to tell you! Main mountains
- Alvand Mountain with an altitude of 3,574 meters is the highest peak in the province.
- Garo Mountain in the south of the Nahavand (3,316)
- Lashgardar Mountain in the southwest of the Malayer (2,928)
- Khangormaz Mountain in the west of the Touyserkan (2,868)
- Siahdarreh Mountain in Touyserkan (2,818)
- Gamasab River It is one of the longest rivers throughout the country.
- Ghogholroor river
- Gharahchay river
- Khoramrood river
- Talvar River
the height of 1,741 meters above sea level and plains, mountainous regions, high peaks, rivers, springs, lands, trees and headwaters cause Hamedan climate to be cold and snowy in winters and mild & pleasant in summers.
- Sang- e- shir (Stone lion)
- Jewish tomb of Esther and Mordecai
- Baba Taher tomb
- Hegmataneh: Archeological Hill, Museum and Christian Church
- Alavian Dome
- Ganj Nameh Inscription
- Ali Sadr Cave: It is one of the rare samples of boat-able water caves and most wonderful phenomenon in the world. In the distance of 75 kilometers North West of Hamedan. It is located in Alisadr village, one of the districts of Kabudarahang County
- Alvand Mountain: the highest peak with an altitude of 3,574 meters above sea level
- Buali Sina (Avicenna) Medicinal Plants Garden: Since a long time ago, Hamedan Province was one of the main centers for growing medicinal plants. There were famous herbal medicine and herbalists. Many people distilled fragrant flowers and grew herbals.
- Tomb of Avicenna: Avicenna tomb is Symbol of Hamadan as well as a symbol of the history of world culture and science in general. The tomb is located in the middle of a square of the same name.
- Bazaar: Hamedan Bazaar is an urban collection of 36 Bazaars and Rasteh bazaars and 26 Semis and caravansaries; most of them were built in Qajar style. They cover 300 hectares in two parts; wholesaling and retailing.
- Lalehjin: known as the center of pottery and ceramic productions in Iran and the Middle East. 80 percent of Lalehjin town inhabitants are potters, ceramists and involved in related jobs.
- Delta Sofre Khaneh
- Chaykhoune Baharestan
- Hezaroyek Shab
- Baba Taher International Hotel
- Parsian Bou Ali Hotel
- Nal Eshkeneh
- Beryan Pesarkhoub
The city is located on the slopes of Koh-e Sefid mountain. It has a moderate and mountainous climate. Kemanshah is the land of history and culture. Kurdish culture is a legacy from ancient people. Kurds (People from Kermanshah)have their own national attire and their traditional music and songs are epic and heroic. To enjoy their beautiful culture try Kurdish traditional dance and listen to their traditional music during your stay in Kermanshah!
This city is one of the ancient cities of Iran and mainly developed in the 4th century. Historical monuments from Achamaneids and Sassanids in this area indicate the importance and prosperity of the region.Also, caravansary and bridges from Safavid period present its strategic role in trading. Kermanshah was hugely damaged due to Ottoman and Arab invasion.
Evidence of early Neolithic occupation was found by Canadian archeologists.
Kermanshah has a climate which is heavily influenced by the proximity of the Zagros mountains, classified as a hot dry summer Mediterranean climate (Csa). The city’s altitude and exposed location relative to westerly winds makes precipitation a little bit high (more than twice that of Tehran), but at the same time produces huge diurnal temperature swings especially in the virtually rainless summers, which remain extremely hot during the day. Kermanshah experiences rather cold winters and there are usually rainfalls in fall and spring. Snow cover is seen for at least a couple of weeks in winter
- Taq-e- Bostan
- Anahita temple
- Covered bazaar
- Ehmad Dohla mosque
- Qaleh yazdgerd
- Qasr-e Shirin
This old pleasant City probably was build by the first king of Sassanid empire. Zanjan moment of infamy came in 1851 when the prime minister Amir kabir ordered the execution of Bahai religion followers. The city is known for its beautiful handicrafts, traditional sandals called Charoogh and a plethora of knife-grinders. Elevation : 1,638 m (5,374 ft) Population : 388,796 (2012)
Zanjan has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Precipitation is very low, and mostly falls between October and May.
- Sultaniyeh Dome
- Seyyed Mosque
- Rakhtshooy Khaneh Ethnic Museum
- Zanjan Chamber of Commerce
- Behestan Rock Castle
- Katale khor Cave
Carvansaraye Sangi traditional restaurant
Hajdadash traditional inn
Zoroastrian traditional inn
Masuleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e jangal District in Fuman County, Gilan Province,Iran. The beautiful, historical village of Masuleh is approximately 60 km southwest of Rasht and 32 km west of Fuman. The village is 1,050 meters above sea level in the Alborz mountain range, near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.
Masuleh population was 554 individuals from 180 families at the 2006 census. The native people of Masouleh speak Talesh.
Province: Gilan County: Fuman Bakhsh: Sardar-e Jangal
Population: 554 (2006) Time zone: IRST (UTC+3:30), Summer (DST): IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Masuleh is one of the good climate of Iran. Every year tens of thousands of tourists from home and abroad to visiting there . Masuleh is a small traditional village architecture collection at the deep in the heart of green nature Mountains with an area of 100 hectares with mountain climate, cool summers and cold and snowy winters. The village itself has a difference in elevation of 100 meters.
Masouheh-Rood-Khan is the river passing through the city, with a waterfall located just 200 meters away from the village. Many other springs are found around Masuleh.
Masuleh is surrounded by forest from valley to mount Fog is the predominant weather feature of Masuleh.
Jameh Mosque: the biggest mosque in Masouleh where people gather to perform their daily prayers.
Saheb-az-Zaman Mosque: dates back to the 12th century AD.
Imamzadeh Aun ibn Ali: Locals call it Qalandar Khaneh. A term that dates back to the Safavid Era 16th century
Abyaneh is a village in Barzrud Rural District, in the Central District of Natanz County,Isfahan Province, Iran. Characterized by a peculiar reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies. An Abyanaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colourful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Abyunaki people have persistently maintained this traditional costume. On top of the village sits the ruins of a Sasanid era fort. The dialect of the people of Abyaneh has preserved some characteristics of the Middle Persian language, the language of the Sassanian Persia. Since June 2005, the village has been undergoing archaeological excavations for the first time ever, as a result of an agreement between Abyaneh Research Center and the Archaeology Research Center of the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization.
Abyaneh scenic location with good climate with favorable natural conditions
The Old Houses:
There are a good number of old houses in Abyaneh, among them the homes of Gholam Nader Shah and Nayeb Hossein Kashi. In addition to the Zoroastrian fire-temple (from the Sassanian period) in the village, there are three castles, a pilgrimage site, three mosques named Hajatgah, Porzaleh, and Jame, all worth a careful visit. Altogether there are eight mosques in the village.
built during the Illkhanid reign in the oldest part of the village, has a very vast nocturnal prayer hall. The ornamentations used here look very much like those of the tomb of Bayazid of Bastam, the great Persian mystic
The Jame Mosque of Abyaneh :
It dates back to the eleventh century. There are a number of inscriptions and a manbar (pulpit) in the mosque. The interesting thing is that the pulpit has many features similar to the architectural elements and column heads seen in Persepolis
Traditional clothing of abyane women.
About 300 m from the Atashkadeh , on the same lane , is an interesting mosque with a probably Safavid entrance and corridor , and next to it , below the present building , another mosque believed to be preâ€‘Seljuk , with an exceptionally beautiful and unusual carved wooden Mihrab protected by a sheet of glass.
How to go Abyaneh:
Drive for about 42 km to Dehji , along the road to Natanz , south of Kashan; a few kin , further on , see a good gravel road to the west , before the Hinjan bridge , where a sign indicates Abyane and the magnificent Barzrud valley. Some 25 km along this road , passing Hinjan village , you reach Abyane at the bottom of a gorge dominated by a small Mongol fort. The main street goes right through the remains of the ‘Atashkadeh’ or temple , open on three sides and with a broken dome
Qom is one of the holiest cities in Iran and the middle East and is entrenched in centuries of history. The famous thing about Qom is the Fatima È Massummeh Shrine which is a highly respected shrine and a very clean place. Non-Muslims are allowed entry to the city , but they are not allowed entry in the holy shrine unless with a Muslim companion or guide. Qom is the main city for religous studies in Iran for long. Hozeye-Elmiye-Qom is the largest Theology school in Iran. Right now many Senior ranking clerics of Shia Islam live in Qom. Qom has many carpet and sweet shops. Qom is famous for it's "sohan," a flat sweet biscuit made of pistachios and saffron. "Gaz", a nougat sweet is also available. Qom is also known for the unique and beautiful silk rugs which are famous worldwide for their unique silk and patterns. Naturally, as one of Islam's holy cities there are numerous religious shops which sell religious books, versions of the Koran and compact discs.
Qom has a semi-desert climate.
- Qom Handicraft Museum. This magnificent museum is located at YazdanPanah House belonging to the late Qajar and early Pahlavi(with back nearly 120 years). Address: 19 Dey(Baajak) street, Alley #11, Number 15.
- National Kavir Park. It is highly recommended to visit this place by a local leader.
- Jamkaran Mosque, . The mosque is reserved for Muslims only.
- Mar’ashi Najafi Library. Library has over 500,000 handwritten texts
- Shrine of Fatima-al-Massumeh. The Holy Shrine is the burial place of “Fatema È Massumeh”. Also buried within the shrine are three daughters of ninth, Twelver Shī‘ah Imām, Muhammad at-Taqī. Women must wear a chador to enter.
- Howzeh lake: Rich in natural spring water which is said to purify the heart.
- Feyze seminary: The place which devout Muslims gather up to meet and hear speeches from the religious leaders.
- Religion University
The city is located in north of Khuzestan . It is 95 km far from Ahwaz, the center of Province. During different periods of time Shushtar name is changed. As in the Elamite times it was known as Adamdun. In the Achaemenid era its name was Surkutir and its modern name that is called Shushtar, is connected with the name of Shush where is located about 30km far from Shushtar. Shushtar means greater and better. During the Sassanid era, it was an island city on the Karoun river and selected to become the summer capital. The river was channeled to form a moat around the city, while bridges and main gates into Shushtar were built to the east, west, and south. Several rivers nearby are conducive to the extension of agriculture; the cultivation of sugar cane, the main crop, dates back to 226. A system of subterranean channels called Qanats, which connected the river to the private reservoirs of houses and buildings, supplied water for domestic use and irrigation, as well as to store and supply water during times of war when the main gates were closed. Traces of these qanats can still be found in the crypts of some houses Shushtar is in Khuzestan province of Iran and is one of the oldest cities of the Persian Empire.During different periods of time , Shushtar name is changed , in the Adamdun , in the Achaemenid era Surkutir and then Shushtar that is connected with the name of Shush or Susa , Shushtar means greater and better than Shush , since it has been built after Shush This city is built next to a great river called Karoon. Roman soldiers captured in the war by the Persians were forced to build the fascinating irrigation system and hydraulic structures of the city by which water of this large river is divided and later on used to empower around 40 water-mills and then combine the flow of the water into one stream again. It is said that after building the city, Roman soldiers are given the choice to stay there as citizens and some agreed to the offer and remained in the city. At the time the Empror was trying to build a better city than Shush city that was famous at the time and therefore, he called it “better that Shuh” or Shuhtar. The best time of the year to visit the site as it is the same for most of the other sites in Iran is early or mid-spring. You are advised to visit the site early in the morning for the cool temperature and quiet and nice atmosphere before other visitors arrive. Also this time is the best time for the photography. Site is located inside of the ancient city. It has lots of ups and downs and stairs. Make sure you see all the different parts of the site. It might be highly crowded during national holidays. This site is registered by UNESCO as 10th Iranian heritage site. This is a must see site
Shushtar has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) with extremely hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is higher than most of southern Iran, but is almost exclusively confined to the period from November to April, though on occasions it can exceed 250 millimetres (9.8 in) per month or 600 millimetres (24 in) per year.
Salasel Castle is a very big fort which had spacious and various yards, barracks , stables , bathrooms , naves ,towers, little gardens, arsenal, Naqareh Khane( a place where the drums are beaten at fixed intervals), Haram Khane( sanctuary house) , kitchen, big basins, fence and ditch. This castle with 15 historical works of Shushtar is registered as tenth work of Iran in Ionesco World Heritage Site. Nowadays all of its buildings are destructed and nothing is left except tunnels. Historical texts show this castle was present at Achaemenian era.
BandeGheysa (Bande Mizan)
The Band-e Kaisar (“Caesar’s dam”) was a Roman arch bridge, and the first in the country to combine it with a dam. When the Sassanian Shah Shapur I defeated the Roman emperor Valerian, he is said to have ordered the captive Roman soldiers to build a large bridge and dam stretching over 500 metres. Lying deep in Persian territory, the structure which exhibits typical Roman building techniques became the most eastern Roman bridge and Roman dam. Its dual-purpose design exerted a profound influence on Iranian civil engineering and was instrumental in developing Sassanid water management techniques.
The approximately 500 m long overflow dam over the Karun, Iran’s most effluent river, was the core structure of the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, a large irrigation complex from which Shushtar derived its agricultural productivity, and which has been designated World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 2009. The arched superstructure carried across the important road between Pasargadae and the Sassanid capital Ctesiphon. Many times repaired in the Islamic period, the dam bridge fell out of use in the late 19th century.
Shushtar Jame Mosque
Shushtar congregation is located on the west side of Shushtar and its original building is one of the works of early centuries of Islam. Building of this mosque has undergone a fundamental change in later centuries especially in Safavid era. According to the available evidences and written sources, original building of this mosque consisted of a nave toward Qibla and maybe a porch in other sides of the apron. Due to the Shushtary biographical text, nave of mosque had been constructed by wood; but in Safavid era, nave with brick arches was erected on the stone columns because of dead wooden ones.
Khan-eye Mostofiha traditional restaurant
Sarabi traditional hotel
Sharbatkhane traditional inn
In all above restaurants traditional and Iranian food can be served.
Everyday buse taxis and buses take people from Shushter to Ahwaz , center of province and to other cities.
Three days per week a train moves between Shustar and Tehran.
Provincial capital of Eastern Azerbaijan, it is 310 km southeast of Bazargan (Iran- Turkey frontier); 159 km south of Jolfa on Iran-Azarbaijan Republic border, and can be reached by good road; rail (742 km from Tehran, with connections to Europe and Moscow), and air from Tehran, Istanbul and other major cities. Situated at an altitude of 1,340 meters above sea level, 619 km northwest of Tehran, the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960's and one of its former capitals ( with a population of 1,400,000 according to 1992 census), Tabriz is in a valley to the north of the long ridge of Mount Sahand. The valley opens out into a plain that slopes down gently to the northern end of Lake Orumieh, 60 km to the west. The 160-km long Aji ,Chai or Talkheh River is the major river of the city, formed by merging of three smaller rivers, namely the Ab Nahand, Quri Chai, and Ojan Chai, all of which originate from the Sabalan Mountain and the heights in the southeastern part of the town. The river and streams join the Orumieh Lake after passing through the valleys between the Sorkhband and Yekkeh Chin mountain north of Tabriz and Osku district. Mehran River or Maidan Chai, also called Liqvan River, originates from the peaks between Karim and Sultan mountains overlooking the Liqvan village (a: major center of cheese production in Iran) near Esparakhoun and Qeshlaq. Its worst natural disadvantage, however, is its vulnerability to earthquakes, one of which utterly destroyed the city in 858. Rebuilt in a minor key, it was again devastated in 1041, when more than 40,000 people lost their lives
By virtue of its situation, Tabriz has an agreeable summer climate, but the cold in winter is severe. Altogether it has a continental climate with low humidity. The average annual rainfall is 288 mm.
With a very rich history, Tabriz used to house many historical monuments. Unfortunately, many of them were destroyed in repeated invasions and attacks of foreign forces, negligence of the ruling governments, as well natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods. What remains now mostly dates back to the Ilkhanids, the Safavids, and the Qajars. Some of the monuments are unrivaled masterpieces of architecture. The Shahrdari Square is the center of the town, on the south-west of which stands the imposing edifice of Municipality. The railway station (5 km from the center of the town) is at the western edge of the town. The Quri Chai river runs through Tabriz, and most places of interest to the visitor are to the south of this river and alone or north of Imam Khomeini Avenue.
- El Goli (formerly Shah Goli) A superb park around a square artificial pond. In the center, a small hall is on an island and hosts a restaurant. Very nice for eating some tchelokebab or sip some tea while enjoying the freshness of the park in summer.
- Blue Mosque Originally built in 1465, this mosque which was once certainly superb, but was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1778, leaving only the entrance Iwan. It was reconstructed at early 1900 by the Iranian Ministry of Culture. The inside of the mosque is tiled with superb blue ceramic, unfortunately, many pieces went missing during the quake and were simply replaced by painting instead of tiles – some of the original tiles can be found around the entrance. Entrance fee is 100,000 rials
- The Bazaar of Tabriz is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010.
Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran, this spectacular structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar), a shoe bazaar, and many other ones for various goods. The most prosperous time of Tabriz and it’s bazaar was in 13th century when town became the capital city of Safavid kingdom. The city lost it’s status as capital in 16th century, but it’s bazaar has been being important as a commercial and economic center. Although, numerous modern shops and malls have been established nowadays, the bazaar of Tabriz has remained economic heart of both the city and northwestern of Iran. It is worthy of mention that Tabriz bazaar has been being an important political place, and one can point out its importance in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the last century and Islamic Revolution in the contemporary time.
- Azerbaijan Museum comprises three main sections – the first contains the oldest archaeological finds from the 5th millennium BC until the Sassanian dynasty (212-656 AD), the second section contains more Islamic archaeology and coins and seals. The third section contains sculptures by Ahad Hosseini and a large collection of padlocks. There are good English signs for all the archaeological exhibits and sculptures with a panel explaining the sculptors history in English, Farsi and French. You can buy books including English copies of Lonely Planet’s guidebook for Iran at the entrance. Entrance fee is 100,000 rials (~$3)
- Ark-e-Alishah also known as Arg e Tabriz, is a remnant of a fortress built in the Ilkhanate period. Currently it was located in the center of Tabriz. Historians believe that it was used as a military castle but clerics claim that the structure was initially used as a mosque in its early days. After the Revolution, large parts of the building were destroyed by the clerics to prepare a new place for Friday prayers in Tabriz. The structure today stands 28 meters high, and is still used as part of a space for holding Friday prayers.
- Constitution house a house retracing the story of the Iranian constitutional revolution in the early 20th century, Tabriz being a high place of the uprising. Quite well documented and well kept, although few English translations are available. The edifice is located next to the Tabriz grand bazaar, on Motahari Ave. During the years leading up to the Constitutional Revolution and afterwards, the house was used as the gathering place of the leaders, activists, and the sympathizers of the movement, among them Sattar Khan, Baqer Khan, Seqat ol-Eslam and Haji Mirza AqaFarshi. The two-story building was constructed in 1868 by Haj Vali Me’mar-e Tabrizi. It has numerous rooms and halls. The most beautiful parts of the house are a skylight and a corridor decorated with colorful glasses and mirrors.
- Orumyeh Lake a salted lake with salt beaches and improbable bathing spots (gender separate, of course). Numerous migratory birds stop there on their long trip for some rest and food.
- Babak Castle breathtaking castle, nested on a rocky peak at an altitude of 2,700 m. Babak was apparently one of the last Zoroastrian heroes fighting the Islamic invasion, 1400 years ago. A 2-hours walk to get up there, but definitely worth it. What a view !
- Kandovan a troglodytic village 2 hours away from Tabriz. Great for discovering both the odd beauty of the place and the daily life of an Iranian village, among sheep, donkeys, hens and cats… Women in printed chadors can go outside and playing kids are all around. Mullahs obviously don’t bother going there too often. Resistant walking shoes are mandatory if you want to climb up the village. A living example of human adaptation to exceptionally unusual natural surroundings, Kandovan village is located 50 km to the south of Tabriz, Osku, on the northern slopes of a valley at the foothills of Mount Sahand. A river originating from the Sahand peaks passes through the valley. There are a number of natural springs to the north of the river, the water from which has traditionally been used for the treatment of kidney stones, according to the locals. The physical structure of the village looks like images from fairy tales. Natural cones, scattered over a vast area, serve as human dwellings on rock formations which themselves seem to have been the work certain sculptors. The road from Tabriz goes through this natural artwork. On getting nearer to the dwellings, the visitor finds out that large families are living inside two or three of these hollow interconnected cones with features such as openings on their surface playing the role of actual windows. The lowest cones are used as stables and those on top as the living quarters.
The interiors of the dwellings, usually divided into a living and a bed room, are dimly lit; however, the villagers are used to it. The interconnecting corridors are very narrow. From the outside, the dwellings look so similar to each other that one may easily get lost in the village. Steep pathways and steps are made of rock pieces for animals as well as human beings. As the legend goes, the first people to settle here were the soldiers involved in military operations nearly 800 years ago, who found the cones by chance and used them as their temporary camouflage and accommodation. However, among archaeologists, it is considered to be of Pre-Islamic Period.
- Mount Sahand big dome topping at around 3,700 m. Interesting to climb in summer, or for skying in winter (1 lift available, another in project)
- Rob-e-RashidiThis complex was built 700 years ago . This place was a place that they do all surgeries in there. The books were made of leather . They teach science in there.
- Gholestan Garden Is good place to relax under the shadows of trees.
- Tabriz Art Museum Is the first art museum in Asia and Iran and the fifth in the world.
- Poets Tomb Also known as Maghbarato-Shora Many poets are buried here, as well as Shahriyar.
- Canonical palace This beautiful palace was built approximately 60 years ago
Cold and semi-arid (Köppen BSk), many tourists come to the region for its relatively cool climate during the hot summer months. The winters are long and bitterly cold, with a temperature plummeting to −25 °C. The annual rainfall is around 380 mm.
The complex of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili
World Heritage Site comprising the mausoleums of Sheikh Safi and Shah Ismail I, Chini khaneh (meaning the house of chinaware), a mosque, Jannat Sara (meaning the house of paradise), Khanaqah (the house of Dervishes), Cheragh Khaneh (the house of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the 40 days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the dome of which is called “Allah-Allah” has an octagonal interior.(Virtual tour)
Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique mosque
Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school
This complex dates back to Qajar period
Ardabil BazaarThis Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam and a small yet mystifying mosque.
Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era.
Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era.
Dezful has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) with extremely hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is higher than most of southern Iran, but is almost exclusively confined to the period from November to April, though on occasions it can exceed 250 millimetres (9.8 in) per month or 600 millimetres (24 in) per year.
- shahyun Lake ( Dez )
Ali Kale Promenade
Historical bridge of Dezfoul
Old city of Dezfool
castle of Amir Bahman Khan Samsam Dezfoul
The climate in Kerman is referred to as a local steppe climate. There is not much rainfall in Kerman all year long. This climate is considered to be BSk according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. In Kerman, the average annual temperature is 16.8 °C. Precipitation here averages 224 mm
- Bazaar – Explore the arcades of the bazaar, indulge in the smells of oriental spices.
- Gonbad-e-Jabaliyeh – An amazing dome in the east of Kerman.
- Ganjalikhan bath – A historic bath
- Mouyedi Ice-House – There are several small-gardens around this ice-house which were filled with the water in winter, then after that the water iced, the ices lead to the ice-house to use in summer.
- San’ati museum – An interesting museum in contemporary arts of Kerman.
- Vakil traditional tea house – An attractive traditional tea house in the covered bazar.
- Ganjali Khan Square – It is similar to “Naghshe Jahan” and “Mirchakhmaq” squares. The bazaars are located in three side of square and in the fourth side, the Ganjali Khan School is established.
- Ganjali Khan Mosque – It is located in the north-west of square and near Ganjalikhan School. It was constructed in 1007 A.H.
- Zarabkhaneh museum – It is located in the north side of square. This eight-angle place includes an arch, four porticoes and four booths in four views. Now, it has changed to coin museum.
- Jameh mosque – The Friday mosque.
- Moshtri-ye-Moshtak Ali Shah – A holy shrine.
- Malek mosque (Imam mosque) – A gem of a mosque!
- National Library, housed in a former a textile factory.
- Museum of the Holy Defense – Interesting installation in the courtyard, depicting a battlefield in the Shatt-el-arab. Admission 3000 IRR.
- Takht-e-Darya-Gholi-Beyg – A monument in the side of the hills in the east of Kerman.
- Ghal’e Dokhtar – A historical castle in the hills in the east of Kerman; attributed to the Ashkanian era.
- Ghal’e Ardeshir – A historical castle in the hills in the east of Kerman; attributed to the Ashkanian era.
Mashhad started life out as Sanabad, a village pitstop for trade caravans headed towards Turkmenistan. But in the ninth century, the eighth Shi'ite Imam Ali Bin Moosa Al Reza, the great grand son of Imam Ali who was the cousin & son in law of Prophet Mohammad was poisoned by the caliph of the time. Imam Reza was buried in Mashhad, and his shrine became one of the holiest sites to the shi'ite muslims after the Holy Kaaba in Saudi Arabia and Karbala in Iraq. Over the next thousand years, the shrine complex was levelled, ransacked and rebuilt a number of times depending on the ruling army of the day. Today the Shrine is the most important place in the city and in the whole of Iran. Dress code for women is strict, as it is in any part of Iran, however a self encompassing chador is not a must for any lady in public place in city. For women, a simple headscarf or roo-sari, with a trenchcoat and pants are fine. Men are also not allowed to wear shorts. These rules are the same for any and all cities and villages in Iran; it is national law. Photography inside the holy Shrine is not permissible as all visitors will be frisked at the various gates leading to the Shrine. There are separate entry gates for ladies and gents. However, photography with mobile phones is permitted. If you appear foreign and/or do not speak Farsi, you may be directed to an office catering to non-Islamic "pilgrims", where you will be given information and a free guide to take you around the Shrine complex.
- Mashhad, Iran is at 36°15’N, 59°38’E, 999 m (3278 ft).
- Mashhad has a mid-latitude steppe/ semi-arid cool climate.
- According to the Holdridge life zones system of bioclimatic classification Mashhad is situated in or near the cool temperate desert scrub biome
- Imam Reza Shrine Complex is also a mausoleum to the eighth Imam of Shia Islam. Complex includes a library and Ghoharshad mosque. It is the largest mosque in the world by dimension and the second largest in capacity. Need to leave bags and cameras on the kept luggage outside, only photos-videos with mobile phone are allowed inside the complex. If you enter through the main gate you will be assigned with an English speaking guide who will take you around for free and tell you some interesting information, end up in one of the offices in which you will be offered religious books and some postcard souvenirs of the shrine, all free. If you dress modest and try to enter through the side gates, you might manage to pass and then you will be free to enter the center of the shrine which is normally not allowed to non-Muslims, just be careful as they close the gates when its time for praying. There is no entrance free. [Sep 2012]
- Nader Shah Park & Mausoleum Monument to the founder of Afshar dynasty
- Ferdowsi Park & Mausoleum
- Gombade Sabz Mausoleum
- Torghabe, Sightseeing, village restaurants
- Shandiz,village restaurants
The climate here is considered to be a local steppe climate. During the year there is little rainfall. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as BSh. The temperature here averages 24.5 °C. About 312 mm of precipitation falls annually
- ُُSusa museum
- Daniel prophet tomb
- Susa castle
- Zigurat choghazanbil
Damghan is situated 342 kilometres (213 mi) east of Tehran on the high-road to Mashad, at an elevation of 1,250 m (4,101 ft). The city trades in pistachios and paperalmonds (kaghazi), with very thin shells, which are famous throughout the country. Damghan was an important city in the Middle Ages, and was the capital of the province of Qumis (Qoomes), but was destroyed by the Afghans in 1723. Few remnants of that time remain; one is the ruined Tari-khaneh mosque with a number of massive columns and wood carvings and two minarets of the 11th century. The remains ofHecatompylos lie to the southwest of the city, extending from Forat, 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Damghan, to nearly 32 kilometres (20 mi) west. On an eminence in the western part of the city are the ruins of a large square citadel with a small white-washed building, called Molud Khaneh (the house of birth), in which Fath Ali Shahwas born (1772). The Tari-khaneh (c. 9th century), possibly the oldest known mosque in Iran, still stands in the city. To the southeast of the city there is ruin of a castle from the Sassanids now called Tappeh Hessar, which is thought to be a garrison. After excavation in 1996, archeologists announced that the area ruins indicated three layers from three different eras. The oldest one dates back to 4000 BCE when the Aryans settled in the Iranian plateau. Despite 7,000 years history, Damghan has been forgotten beneath desert sand dunes, It is one of the most ancient urban metropolis in the Iranian plateau, with many historical monuments including Tappeh Hessar which belongs to the Median (728-550 BCE), Parthians (248-224 CE) and Sassanid (224-651 CE) dynastic periods — the Tarikhaneh was built as a fire temple during the Sassanid dynasty and converted into a mosque after the advent of Islam - and many other historical buildings belonging to Seljuks and other periods.
Evergreen Cheshmeh-Ali , This is one of the permanent springs in Damghan, 30 km north of the city. Thanks to its verdant foliage and pleasant climate this region has been frequented by people from ancient times. During the Qajar period many buildings were constructed in Cheshmeh Ali among which the Fat’hali Shah and Agha Mohammad Khan palaces still stand erect. Fat’hali Shah’s palace is built in the middle of a lagoon placed between the first and second spring and Aqa Mohammad-Khan’s palace is facing opposite the former palace. Cheshmeh-Ali has always interested the visiting tourists.
Beside those mentioned above one might refer to the Gonbade Zangol, Toghrol’s Tower, Qoosheh Amirabad Caravansary (A Shah Abbas, The Great era building), historical hills and hazel-shaped castles around the city as well as Gerdkuh and Masoumzadeh Mehmandoust fortifications. Damghan’s bazaar contains tombs, old schools, baths and the like. Out of historical monuments in Damghan which has always interested foreign archaeologists many relics have been unearthed which are deposited in the British and French museums and display ancient Iranian civilization.
Damghan shines like a bezel in the desert region. With its ample cultural heritages and authentic background Damghan’s ancient civilization is undeniable and each relic in the city can substantiate its genuine past. By rubbing the dust of forgetfulness off this shining bezel we can display Damghan’s ancient shining face to the world and introduce it as an important tourism and sightseeing place in Iran.
North of the city, along the Cheshme Ali and Mazandaran road, there are two forts built on the top of two mountains.
The first one is 5 km far from the city, on the peak of Gerdkuh, one of the main Ismaili’s Hashshashin fortress which used by Hassan Sabah. It was conquered by Hulagu Khan finally. Due to circular shape of mountain peak, it was named Gerdkuh, Gerd for circular (round) and Kuh for mountain. This shape made it very difficult to access by invaders.
Another one is Mehrnegar Fort on Mansourkuh, 22 km north of city, along the roud. The mountain is Pyramid like and the fort located on its top. This was one of the fortifications of dreaded Ismaili esoteric sect during Seljuk invasion and has been named Mehrnegar because of Princess Mehrnegar’s love story.
Tarikhaneh, the oldest mosque in Iran
Tarikhaneh Mosque is in fact the oldest mosque in Iran belonging to the 1st century after arrival of Islam which still preserves its original shape. Tarikhaneh and Na’in Mosque in Na’in are the only mosques in the Islamic World which resemble the Medina Mosque. This mosque was built during the 8th century AD by imitating Roman, Iranian and Arabic architecture. This is an Arabic design but the building material and architecture is Sassanid. This leads us to believe that originally it had been a fire temple during the Sassanid period, and later the mosque was built over its ruins. One column resembling Sassanian architecture at the eastern wing is a proof of this assertion.
Tarikhaneh Mosque is equipped with a square yard and a gallery with 18 columns facing the Qiblah and the three sides of the yard are surrounded by porticos. The minaret rising over the mosque is said to belong toSeljuks and the tiled inscription over the minaret is in fact the oldest tile work in Islamic architecture.
The prefix “Tari”, a Turkish or Mongol term, means God and “khaneh” is Iranian word for house so the word means the house of God.
Chehel Dokhtaran a family vault
City fortification a Sassanid architecture
Gonbad-e Kāvus is the city known historically as Gorgan/Hyrcania. The modern name, meaning "the tower of Kavus", is a reference to the most imposing ancient monument in the city.
In Gonbad-e Qabus, the climate is warm and temperate. The winter months are much rainier than the summer months in Gonbad-e Qabus. The climate here is classified as Csa by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average annual temperature in Gonbad-e Qabus is 17.8 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 363 mm
- Aji gol Lake
- Ala gol lake
- Alma Gol Lake
- Chehelchay Forest
- Golestan Forest
- Gonbad Horse Racing Center
Gorgan to the north east of Tehran, some 30 km (19 mi) away from the Caspian Sea. In the 2006 census, its population was 269,226, in 73,702 families
The wide Dasht-e Gorgan (Plains of Gorgan) are located north of the city and geographically bounded by 37°00′ – 37°30′ north latitude and 54°00′ – 54°30′ east longitude, covering an area of about 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi).
Some 150 km (93 mi) east of Gorgan is the Golestan National Park, home to a big portion of the fauna of Iran.
In general, Golestan has a moderate and humid climate known as “the moderate Caspian climate.” The effective factors behind such a climate are: Alborz mountain range, direction of the mountains, height of the area, neighborhood to the sea, vegetation surface, local winds, altitude and weather fronts. As a result of the above factors, three different climates exist in the region: plain moderate, mountainous, and semi-arid. Gorgan valley has a semi-arid climate. The average annual temperature is 18.2 °C (64.8 °F) and the annual rainfall is 600 millimetres.
- Nahar khoran forest
- Noor Imam zade
- Nalbandan Bazaar
- Alangdare Forest
- Ziarat Village
- Hezarpich Hill
- Emadiyyeh School
- Sorkhankalateh Hill
- Ismail Shirine Sorkhankalateh
- Qajar era underground bathroom, Sorkhankalateh
Khorramabad is a city in and capital of Lorestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 328,544, in 75,945 families. Khorramabad is situated in the Zagros Mountains. Khorramabad Airport is 3 km south of the city prope
Khaydalu was one of the important cities of Elam Civilization.City of Shapurkhast was built on the ruins of Khaydalu on the orders of Shapur I Sasanid.Many experts believes that the ancient city of Khaydalu was the core of current Khorramabad city.
ShapurkhastIn the texts of historians Shapurkhast has been considered one of the most important and development cities of the region during this period.Falak-ol-Aflak castle ( Dež-e Shāpūr-Khwāst) has been built by Shapur I the Sasanid.
Islamic eraProbably in the late seventh century AD Shapurkhast city destroyed and people of Shapurkhast moved to west part of Falak-ol-aflak castle in terms of having plenty of water as well as safety. Hamdallah Mustawfi Writes: Khorramabad was a beautiful city, now is destroyed.
HazaraspidsThe founder of dynasty was Abu Tahir ibn Muhammad, an descendant of the Shabankara chieftain Fadluya, who was initially a commander of the Salghurids of Fars and was appointed as the governor of Kuhgiluya, but eventually gained independence in Luristan and extended his realm as far as Isfahan and assumed the prestigious title of atabeg.
Safavid dynastyDuring Safavid dynasty Khorramabad was governmental center of Luristan.
Qajar dynastyIn this periods Khorramabad city was limited to neighboring of Falak-ol-aflak castle.This period was beginning of people migration from small villages to the Khorramabad city.migrations in addition to increasing population, expanded city and created new districts.
Khorramabad municipal was formed in 1913 and first city council consists of 7 members was formed in 1916
Khorramabad has what is classed under the Köppen climate classification as a Mediterranean climate (Csa), owing to its high altitude making it much wetter than lowland cities like Baghdad or cities more shielded from the Zagros Mountains like Esfahan and Tehran. It remains extremely hot in the summer even with very low humidity, but the winter is sufficiently wet for rainfed agriculture, though much colder than classic Mediterranean climates.
Falak-ol-Aflak Castle, Dež-e Shāpūr-Khwāst, Falak-ol-Aflak Castle, in ancient times was known as Dezbaz as well as Shapur-Khast, is one of the most impressive castles in Iran. It is situated on the top of a large hill with the same name within the city of Khorramabad, the regional capital of Lorestan province. The Khorramabad River runs past the eastern and south-western side of the Falak-ol-Aflak hill providing the fortress with an element of natural protection. Today, the western and northern sides of the hill are bordered by the residential districts of Khorramabad. This gigantic structure was built during the Sassanid era (226–651). It has been known by a number of names since it was built over 1800 years ago. Recorded names have referred to it as Shapur-Khast or Sabr-Khast fortress, Dezbaz, Khorramabad castle, and ultimately the Falak ol-Aflak Castle. The foundations of the actual castle measure approximately 300 meters by 400 meters. The height of the entire structure, including the hill, reaches up to 40 meters above the surrounding area. This space is divided into four large halls, and their associated rooms and corridors. The rooms all surround two courtyards with the following measurements: the first courtyard measures 31×22.50 meters and the second 29×21 meters. . When originally built the castle used to have 12 towers, but only 8 remain standing today. The building’s entrance is situated towards the north, within the body of the northwestern tower.
Gerdab Sangi is located in Takhti Square in Khorramabad, Lorestan and is made of stones and plaster. It dates back to the Sassanid era (224-651 CE) and is a circular whirlpool built for the purpose of accurate and optimal distribution of water. Encircling several springs, the edifice sits near the prehistoric Qomri Cave. The construction was once used for rationing and distributing potable and agricultural water among local population and farmers. Its surrounding cylindrical stone wall has a height of 10 meters and a diameter of 18 meters. There are a few different-sized outlets in the wall for controlling the flow of water into a canal on the west of the structure. While originally there were 7 of such outlets, however, today only one is functional. This outlet measures 160 x 90 centimeters and opens and closes like a drawer. The water flowing out of this outlet, after a path of approximately 12 kilometers, would eventually make its way to a valley called Baba Abbas. In the vicinity of this valley, and the location of the ancient city of Shapurkhast, the remnants of an old mill, which was run using water from the springs, can be observed. Gerdab Sangi was registered on the National Heritage List in 1976.
Brick Minaret is a 900-year-old brick tower located beside the ancient city of Shapur khawst, south of Khorramabad, Lorestan province. It was built as a guidepost for caravans in ancient times. The minaret is about 30 meters tall with a circumference of 17.5 meters. Inside the tower there is a spiral staircase of 99 stairs.
In a stone-edged circle beside thundering Shari’ati St is an inscribed stone from around AD 1150, apparently setting out details of local grazing rights.
Shapoori Bridge is located in southern KhorramAbad. It has been used to connect the western part of Lorestan (Tarhan) to the east, and then on to Khoozestan province and Taysafun, the capital city of the Sassanian. The bridge is 312 meters long and 10.75 meters high. It has 28 arches and 27 piles. The area of each pile is 61 square meters, and the distance between the two piles is 7.5 meters. Five of its arches are intact; the others have been destroyed by natural factors. The arches of the bridge are made in the form of a wishbone. The piles and breakwaters of the bridge are in the form of six lateral lozenges made of stone. Probably the bridge also was used to distribute water. Materials of the bridge are river stones and stone chips in the arches and truncated stones in the piles. The bridge floor is paved in red block stones that have lost their square shape due to erosion. This attractive, huge bridge belongs to Sassanian era, and it is registered as number 1058 in the list of Iranian national monuments
Best time to visit Iran is April-June and October-December, however for special tours such as Ski, there are different seasons.
Ski: is possible in different slops from November till May.
Nomads: Most famous nomads of Iran are Ghashghaee nomad that are located Semirom in central Iran between April and September.
Desert: Normally it’s nice to visit deserts of Iran during autumn & winter.
For other type of tours, please check with us through firstname.lastname@example.org.
Since Iran is a large country with various ethnic groups and climates, there are lots of events and ceremonies along the year.
Naghshe Jahan Sq. (Isfahan)
Takhte Suleiman (Takab)
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System & Waterfalls (Shushtar)
Atiq Mosque (Isfahan)
Persian Gardens (Kashan, Shiraz, Mahan)
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