Quick Information


The official name

Islamic Republic of Iran

Flag

Geographical Location

Middle East / West Asia

Capital

Terhan

Original Languages

Persian (Farsi) 60%, Turkish 20%, Kurdi 10%, Lori 5%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other about 1%

Religious

Muslim 95% (Shi'a 85%, Sunni 10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish and Christian) 5%

Government

Islamic Republic

Independence

Current Regime 1979, however Iran country is among world most ancient countries

Area

1,648,195 km²

Population

77,356,343 (2013 estimate)

Money

Iranian Rial (IRR)

Time

GMT+3:30

Drive

Right

Tel

+98

Type of sockets

Voltage power type

220V, 50Hz (European plug)

The main tourist town

Isfahan, Shiraz, Tehran, Yazd, Kashan, Susa, Shushtar, Ahwaz, Kerman, Ardabil, Tabriz, Kermanshah, Hamadan, Mesr Desert

History


Iran has a rich history. It’s not clear the beginning of civilization in this country, but archeological findings have recorded up to 11,000 years of human civilizations till now.

Cities


Fars

Isfahan

Tehran

Gilan

Yazd

Hamadan

Kermanshah

Zanjan

East Azerbaijan

Qom

Kerman

Razavi khorasan

Ardabil

Semnan

Kish Island

Hormozgan

Golestan

Markazi

Kurdistan

Mazandaran

Khuzestan


About Fars Province

Fars Province also known as Pars or Persia in historical context, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of the country. It is in the south of the country, in Iran's Region 2, and its administrative center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 2011, this province had a population of 4.6 million people, of which 67.6% were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburbs), 32.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.3% nomad tribes. The etymology of the word Persian), found in many ancient names associated with Iran, is derived from the historical importance of this region. Fars Province is the original homeland of the Persian people. Area: 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) Population: 4,851,274 Elevation: 1573 meters Time zone: (UTC+03:30), Summer: (UTC+04:30) Location  

Weather Information

There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has cold winters with hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7 °C and 29.2 °C.

counties

  1. Abadeh
  2. Sarvestan
  3. Jahrom
  4. Eqlid
  5. Rostam
  6. Estahban
  7. Darab
  8. Nayriz
  9. Shiraz
  10. Bavanat
  11. Larestan
  12. Qir and Karzin
  13. Khorrambid
  14. Lamerd
  15. Kazerun
  16. Fasa
  17. Firuzabad
  18. Zarrin Dasht
  19. Mamasani
  20. Marvdasht
  21. Sepidan
  22. Arsanjan
  23. Pasargad
  24. Kavar
  25. Khonj
  26. Farashband
  27. Gerash
  28. Mohr

Resturants

تست

Mosques

تست

Transportation

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About Isfahan

Isfahan is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran. Its capital, Isfahan is one of the most popular tourist destination in Iran. The impressive tree-line boulevards, magnificent buildings and Persian gardens has made it a unique city amongst other Iranian cities. This city is known as half the world and some might rank the city as one of the rarest cities around the world such as Rome and Athen. This walled city is home to many mosques and beautiful wealthy houses.

Isfahan's Persian gardens, Meidan-e-Imam and Masjed-e Jame are amongst the UNESCO world heritage lists.

This city was Seljuks dynasty's capital in 1047 and during this time the city benefited from impressive geometric style of architecture. Sadly, like many other cities in Iran it was invaded by Mongols. The glorious Safavid king, Shah Abbas the Great in 1598 made Isfahan his capital, and a large-scale building program transformed it into Iran’s most beautiful city, home to his court, the royal artist’s workshop and a center of luxury Persian carpet production. During this period Isfahan became a cultural crossroads and luxury Persian silk was exchanged for gold and silver in Europe.

Area: 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi)

Population: 5,120,850 (2016)

Elevation: 4,040 metres

Time zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30)

Location

Weather Information

The province experiences a moderate and dry climate on the whole, ranging between 40.6 °C and 10.6 °C on a cold day in the winter season. The average annual temperature has been recorded as 16.7 °C and the annual rainfall on an average has been reported as 116.9 mm. The city of Sepahan (Esfahan) however experiences an excellent climate, with four distinct seasons.

counties

  1. Aran o Bidgol
  2. Ardestan
  3. Esfahan
  4. Lanjan
  5. Shahinshahr
  6. Meymeh
  7. Khomeini Shahr
  8. Khansar
  9. Semirom
  10. Fereydan
  11. Fereydunshahr
  12. Falavarjan
  13. Kashan
  14. Golpayegan
  15. Mobarakeh
  16. Naeein
  17. Najaf Abad
  18. Lower Semirom
  19. Shahreza
  20. Anarak
  21. Natanz

 

About Tehran

Tehran Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. Although, Tehran is a wonderfully diverse and vast city with pleasant parks scattered around it. While, the southern part offers historic monuments, the northern the city spreading up into Alborz foothills and made it a perfect place for an evening walking or a weekend hiking. To experience the real Tehran go beyond the museums and get into the cafes and traditional tearooms. The city is the most dynamic and liberal city in Iran. Tehran became the capital city of Qajar Dynasty in 1795. In 1867, inspired by urban planning in St. Petersburg and the work of Hassmann in Paris and Shah Naser al-din ordered the French military engineer general Buhler to tear down the city walls, fill in the defensive ditches to form thoroughfares wide enough for European style carriage. The population of the city grows substantially from 210,000 in 1920 to 12 million in 2011. Currently  accounts for more than half of the country's economic activity and is set to grow further and more people from the villages are moving to Tehran seeking of employment.

Area: 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi)

Population: 15,267,637

Elevation: 900 to 1,830 m (2,952 to 6,003 ft)

Time zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRDT (UTC+04:30)

Location

Weather Information

The elevation in Tehran is very different in south and north of the city (1100 to 1700 m).

Weather is mild during March-May and also September-November.

In summer it’s hot and in winter cold. Rain is common in autumn and winter and it snows sometimes during winter.

counties

  1. Shemiranat
  2. Tehran
  3. Damavand
  4. Firuzkuh
  5. Shahriar
  6. Malard
  7. Rey
  8. Pakdasht
  9. Pishva
  10. Varamin
  11. Robat Karim
  12. Qods
  13. Eslamshahr

About Gilan

Gilan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It lies along the Caspian Sea, in Iran's Region 3, west of the province of Mazandaran, east of the province of Ardabil, and north of the provinces of Zanjan and Qazvin. It borders the Republic of Azerbaijan in the north and Russia across the Caspian Sea. The northern part of the province is part of territory of South (Iranian) Talysh. At the center of the province is the main city of Rasht. The main harbor port is Bandar-e Anzali (previously Bandar-e Pahlavi). Area: 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) Population: 2,530,696 (2016) Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30) Location

Weather Information

Gilan has a humid subtropical climate with, by a large margin, the heaviest rainfall in Iran: reaching as high as 1,900 millimetres (75 in) in the southwestern coast and generally around 1,400 millimetres (55 in). Rasht, the capital of the province, is known internationally as the “City of Silver Rains” and in Iran as the “City of Rain”.

Rainfall is heaviest between September and December because the onshore winds from the Siberian High are strongest, but it occurs throughout the year though least abundantly from April to July. Humidity is very high because of the marshy character of the coastal plains and can reach 90 percent in summer for wet bulb temperatures of over 26 °C (79 °F). The Alborz range provides further diversity to the land in addition to the Caspian coasts.

counties

  1. Astara
  2. Astaneh Ashrafiyeh
  3. Bandar-e Anzali
  4. Fuman
  5. Hashtpar
  6. Lahijan
  7. Langarud
  8. Rasht
  9. Rudsar
  10. Rudbar
  11. Soumahe Sara
  12. Shaft
  13. Masal

Attractions
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About Yazd

Yazd is one of your destination that you will be amazed by its history and attractions. The city was Zoroastrian centre during Sassanids and even after Arab invasion this land allowed Zoroastrian to remain in this region due to its desert remote location. The location of this land also was another reason to be secured to large battles such as Mongol invasion. This noble city is an important centre of Persian architecture. The mud-brick old town has one of the largest network of Qanats in the world. The other impressive persian architecture element is the ancient efficient natural air conditioning. The forest of windcathers (Baadgir) on the roofs are designed to catch even the lightest breeze from different directions and direct it to the rooms below. Yazd is known for its silk and fine fabrics. In 13th century Marco Polo passed through the city and describe it as a very fine and splendid city and a centre of commerce. Since the city was a centre of Zoroastrian, you can explore and visit  the Zoroastrian sites in this city such as tower of silence and fire temples. Area: 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) Population: 1,138,533 (2016) Elevation: 1,216 m (3,990 ft) Time zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only 60 millimeters (2.4 in), and also the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below 0 °C (32 °F).

counties

  1. Abarkuh
  2. Ardakan
  3. Bafq
  4. Behabad
  5. Khatam
  6. Mehriz
  7. Meybod
  8. Ashkezar
  9. Taft
  10. Yazd

About Hamadan

Hamadan is located in the foothills of the Zagros mountains which link Iran with Iraq. The impressive Mt. Alvand with 3,580m height is one of the natural attraction of Hamadan. The city plan largely laid out in 1,928 by German architect Karl Fritsch. The ancient 7th century city believed to be among the oldest cities in Iran. the city was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. Its ancient name is Ecbatana which is used in the Ezra textbook. According to Herodotus Ecbatana was a shining jewel with seven layers of city walls. The city developed during Parthian regime and remained a summer capital but neglected in Sassanid times. It was invaded by Arab armies in 645 A.D., mongol armies in 1,221 and Ottoman Empire in the 17th century. Its population was 548,378 at the 2010 census. The native people of Hamedan speak Persian but around the city and villages speak Turkish. The main historical symbols of this city are the Hegmataneh Archelogical Hill, Ganj Nameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher tomb. Hamadan has many historical stories to tell you! Main mountains
  1. Alvand Mountain with an altitude of 3,574 meters is the highest peak in the province.
  2. Garo Mountain in the south of the Nahavand (3,316)
  3. Lashgardar Mountain in the southwest of the Malayer (2,928)
  4. Khangormaz Mountain in the west of the Touyserkan (2,868)
  5. Siahdarreh Mountain in Touyserkan (2,818)
 Main Rivers
  1. Gamasab River It is one of the longest rivers throughout the country.
  2. Ghogholroor river
  3. Gharahchay river
  4. Khoramrood river
  5. Talvar River
Area: 19,368 km² Population: 554,405 (2016) Elevation: 1,850 m (6,069 ft) Time zone: IRST (UTC+3:30), Summer: IRDT (UTC+4:30) Location

Weather Information

The height of 1,741 meters above sea level and plains, mountainous regions, high peaks, rivers, springs, lands, trees and headwaters cause Hamadan climate to be cold and snowy in winters and mild & pleasant in summers.

counties

  1. Kabudarahang
  2. Razan
  3. Bahar
  4. Famerin
  5. Hamadan
  6. Asad
  7. Tuyserkan
  8. Malayer
  9. Nahavand

Attractions

About Kermanshah

Kermanshah Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran and is regarded as part of Iranian Kurdistan. The province was known from 1969 to 1986 as Kermanshahan and from 1986 to 1995 as Bakhtaran. according to 2014 segmentation by Ministry of Interior it is center of Region 4, with the region's central secretariat located at the province's capital city, Kermanshah. Majority of people in Kermanshah province are Shia, and there are minority of Sunni and Yarsanism.

The province's capital is Kermanshah, located in the middle of the western part of Iran. The population of the city is 822,921. The city is built on the slopes of Mt. Sefid Kooh and extended toward south during last two decades. The builtup areas run alongside Sarab River and Valley. City's elevation average about 1350 meters above sea level. The distance between Kermanshah and Tehran is 525 km. It is the trade center of rich agricultural region that produces grain, rice, vegetable, fruits, and oilseeds, and there are many industrial centers, oil and sugar refineries, and cement, textile and flour factories, etc. The airport (Shahid Ashrafi Esfahani Airport) is located in north east of the city, and the distance from Tehran is 413 km by air. Area: 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) Population: 1,952,434 Elevation: 1,350 m (4,430 ft) Time zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Kermanshah has a climate which is heavily influenced by the proximity of the Zagros mountains, classified as a hot dry summer Mediterranean climate (Csa). The city’s altitude and exposed location relative to westerly winds makes precipitation a little bit high (more than twice that of Tehran), but at the same time produces huge diurnal temperature swings especially in the virtually rainless summers, which remain extremely hot during the day. Kermanshah experiences rather cold winters and there are usually rainfalls in fall and spring. Snow cover is seen for at least a couple of weeks in winter

counties

  1. Dalaho
  2. Gilan-e Gharb
  3. Harsin
  4. Islam Abad-e Gharb
  5. Javanrud
  6. Kangavar
  7. Kermanshah
  8. Paveh
  9. Qasr-e-Shirin
  10. Ravansar
  11. Sahneh
  12. Sapol-e Zahab
  13. Salas-e Babajani
  14. Sanqor

Attractions
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About Zanjan

Zanjan moment of infamy came in 1851 when the prime minister Amir kabir ordered the execution of Bahai religion followers. This old pleasant City probably was build by the first king of Sassanid empire. The city is known for its beautiful handicrafts, traditional sandals called Charoogh and a plethora of knife-grinders. Area: 19,368 km² Population: 554,405 (2016) Elevation: 1,850 m (6,069 ft) Time zone: IRST (UTC+3:30), Summer: IRDT (UTC+4:30) Location

Weather Information

Zanjan has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Precipitation is very low, and mostly falls between October and May.

counties

  1. Zanjan
  2. Tarom
  3. Mahneshan
  4. Ijrud
  5. Soltaniyeh
  6. Khorramdarreh
  7. Abhar
  8. Khodabandeh

Attractions
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About East Azerbaijan

East Azerbaijan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is located in Iranian Azerbaijan, bordering with Armenia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Ardabil Province, West Azerbaijan Province, and Zanjan Province. The capital of East Azerbaijan is Tabriz. East Azerbaijan Province is in Regions 3 of Iran, with its secretariat located in its capital city, Tabriz. East Azerbaijan is one of the most archaic territories in Iran. During the reign of Alexander of Macedon in Iran (331 BCE), a warrior known as Attorpat led a revolt in this area, then a territory of the Medes, and thereafter it was called Attorpatkan. Since then this vicinity has been known as AzarabadeganAzarbadgan and Azarbayjan. Islamic researchers proclaim that the birth of the prophet Zoroaster was in this area, in the vicinity of Lake Orumieh (Chichesht), Konzak City. Needless to say, this province was subject to numerous political and economical upheavals, attracting the interest of foreigners. The Russians in particular have tried to exert a lasting influence in the region over the past 300 years, occupying the area on numerous occasions. The constitutionalist movement of Iran began here in the late 19th century. Area: 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) Population: 3,724,620 Elevation: 4,485 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Climate of East Azerbaijan is affected by Mediterranean Continental as well as cold semi-arid climate. Gentle breezes off the Caspian Sea have some influence on the climate of the low-lying areas. Temperatures run up to 8.9 °C in Tabriz, and 20 °C in Maraqeh, in the winter dropping to −10–−15 °C at least (depending on how cold the overall year is). The ideal seasons to visit this province are in the spring and summer months.

counties

  1. Khoda Afarin
  2. Kalybar
  3. Hurand
  4. Jolfa
  5. Varzaghan
  6. Ahar
  7. Marand
  8. Shabestar
  9. Heris
  10. Sarab
  11. Tabriz
  12. Osku
  13. Bostan Abad
  14. Azar Shahr
  15. Ajab Shir
  16. Bonab
  17. Mianeh
  18. Hashtrud
  19. Maragheh
  20. Malekan
  21. Charuymaq

Attractions
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About Qom

Qom is one of the holiest cities in Iran and the middle East and is entrenched in centuries of history. The famous thing about Qom is the Fatima È Massummeh Shrine which is a highly respected shrine and a very clean place. Non-Muslims are allowed entry to the city , but they are not allowed entry in the holy shrine unless with a Muslim companion or guide. The city is the main city for religous studies in Iran for long. Hozeye-Elmiye is the largest Theology school in Iran. Right now many Senior ranking clerics of Shia Islam live in this city. Qom has many carpet and sweet shops and is famous for it's "sohan" a flat sweet biscuit made of pistachios and saffron. "Gaz", a nougat sweet is also available. Also This city is also known for the unique and beautiful silk rugs which are famous worldwide for their unique silk and patterns. Naturally, as one of Islam's holy cities there are numerous religious shops which sell religious books, versions of the Koran and compact discs.
Area: 730 km²
Population: 1.074 million
Elevation: 928 m (3,045 ft)
Time Zone: IRST (UTC+3:30), Summer: IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Weather Information

Qom has a semi-desert climate.

counties

  1. Jafar Abad
  2. Khalajestan
  3. Salafchegan
  4. Kahak
  5. Qom

Attractions
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About Kerman

Kerman Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. This city is in the southeast of Iran with its administrative center in the city of Kerman. In 2014 it was placed in Region 5. Mentioned in ancient times as the Achamenid satrapy of Carmania, it is the second-largest province of Iran with an area of 180,726 km2 (69,779 sq mi), that encompasses nearly 11 percent of the land area of Iran. The population of the province is about 3 million (9th in the country).
Area: 185 km2 (85.16 sq mi)
Population: 534,441 
Elevation: 1,755 m (5,758 ft)
Time Zone: IRST (UTC+3:30), Summer: IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Weather Information

The climate in Kerman is referred to as a local steppe climate. There is not much rainfall in Kerman all year long. This climate is considered to be BSk according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. In Kerman, the average annual temperature is 16.8 °C. Precipitation here averages 224 mm

counties

  1. Baft
  2. Bardsir
  3. Bam
  4. Jiroft
  5. Rafsanjan
  6. Zarand
  7. Sirjan
  8. Shahr-e Babak
  9. Kerman
  10. Mahan
  11. Rayen
  12. Kahnuj
  13. Qaleh
  14. Gorj
  15. Manujan
  16. Roodbar-e Jonob
  17. Anbar Abad
  18. Ravar

About Razavi Khorasan

Razavi Khorasan Province is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the center and capital of the province. Razavi Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan Province in 2004. The Greater Khorasan has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of the Arabs, Turks, Kurds, Turkemen and Mongols brought changes to the region time and time again. Ancient geographers of Iran divided Iran ("Ēranshahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan. Esfarayen, among other cities of the province, was one of the focal points for residence of the Aryan tribes after entering Iran. The Parthian empire was based near Merv in Khorasan for many years. During the Sassanid dynasty the province was governed by a Spahbod (Lieutenant General) called "Padgošban" and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province. Khorasan was divided into four parts during the Muslim conquest of Persia, each section being named after the four largest cities, Nishapur, Merv, Herat, and Balkh. Area: 118,884 km2 (45,901 sq mi) Population: 5,994,402 (2011) Elevation: 1,035 m Time zone: (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

By virtue of its situation, Tabriz has an agreeable summer climate, but the cold in winter is severe. Altogether it has a continental climate with low humidity. The average annual rainfall is 288 mm.

counties

Cities

  1. Mashhad
  2. Quchan
  3. Dargaz
  4. Chenaran
  5. Sarakhs
  6. Fariman
  7. Torbat-e Heydarieh
  8. Torbat-e Jam
  9. Taybad
  10. Khaf
  11. Roshtkhar
  12. Kashmar
  13. Bardaskan
  14. Nishapur
  15. Sabzevar
  16. Gonabad
  17. Kalat
  18. Khalil Abad
  19. Mahvelat
  20. Firuzeh
  21. Khoshab
  22. Jowayin
  23. Joghatai
  24. Davarzan
  25. Bajestan
  26. Roshtkhar
  27. Bakharz
  28. Zaveh
  29. Torqabeh
  30. Shandiz

Attractions
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About Ardabil

Ardabil Province is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, in Regions 3, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan, the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its administrative centre is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from the eastern part of East Azerbaijan. The natural features of the province of this city are mentioned in the Avesta, according to which Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During the Islamic conquest of Iran, This city was the largest city in Azarbaijan, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period. Shah Ismail I started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in 1500 CE. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times. Area: 17,800 km2(6,900 sq mi) Population: 1,270,420 Elevation: 1,351 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures plummeting to −25 °C.

Its famous natural region is the Sabalan mountains. The province is considered the coldest province in Iran by many. Large parts of the province are green and forested.

counties

  1. Ardabil
  2. Bilasavar
  3. Germi
  4. Khalkhal
  5. Kowsar
  6. Meshginshahr
  7. Namin
  8. Sarein
  9. Nir
  10. Parsabad

About Semnan

Semnan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Semnan. The province of Semnan covers an area of 96,816 square kilometers and stretches along the Alborz mountain range and borders to Dasht-e Kavir desert in its southern parts. The province was put as part of Region 1 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014. In 1996, the province had a population of about 501,000 (631,218 in 2011), and in 2005 Semnan city (the capital of the province) had a population of 119,778, and the city of Shahrud, which accounts for being the largest city of this province, had a population of 231,831.
Area: 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi)
Population: 631,218
Elevation: 1,130 m
Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30)

Weather Information

The climate here is “desert.” During the year, there is virtually no rainfall in Semnan. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BWk. In Semnan, the average annual temperature is 17.2 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 130 mm.

counties

  1. Semnan
  2. Aradan
  3. Damghan
  4. Shahrud
  5. Mehdishahr
  6. Meyami
  7. Sorkheh
  8. Garmsar

Attractions

About Kish Island

Kish Island is a 91.5-square-kilometre (35.3 sq mi) resort island in the Persian Gulf off the southern coast of Iran. It is part of the Bandar Lengeh County in Hormozgān Province of Iran. Owing to its free trade zone status, the island is touted as a consumer's paradise, with numerous malls, shopping centres, tourist attractions, and resort hotels. It has an estimated population of 26,000 residents and about 1 million visitors annually. Kish Island is the third most-visited vacation destination in Southwest Asia, after Dubai and Sharm el-Sheikh. Tourists from many—but not all—foreign nations wishing to enter Kish Free Zone from legal ports are not required to obtain any visa prior to travel. For those travelers, upon-arrival travel permits are stamped valid for 14 days by Kish officials. Area: 91.5 km2 (35.3 sq mi) Population: 26,000 Elevation: 30 metres Time Zone: IRST (UTC+3:30) Location

Weather Information

Kish, like the other Persian Gulf Islands, especially the islands in the Strait of Hormuz, is located on a narrow strip of tropical vegetation in the Northern Hemisphere, with the Persian plateau to the north and the Arabian Peninsula to the south. In addition to its special geographic and climatic attributes, Kish, like other nearby islands, such as Forur, Hendurabi, Shatuar, and Lavan, and even Qeshm, is under the sway of the semi-equatorial climate dominating this band of vegetation.

About Hormozgan

Hormozgan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, in Iran's Region 2, facing Oman and UAE. Its area is 70,697 km2 (27,296 sq mi), and its provincial capital is Bandar Abbas. The province has fourteen islands in the Persian Gulf and 1,000 km (620 mi) of coastline. The province has 13 counties (or districts), 69 municipalities, and 2,046 villages. In 2011 a little more than 1.5 million people resided in Hormozgan Province. Although Hormozgan is known to have been settled during the Achaemenid era when Nearchus passed through the region, recorded history of the main port of Hormozgan (Bandar‑e Hormoz) begins with Ardashir I of Persia of the Sassanid empire. The province is said to have been particularly prosperous between 241 BC and 211 BC, but grew even further in trade and commercial significance after the arrival of the Islamic era. Marco Polo visited the port of Bandar Abbas in 1272 and 1293. He reported widespread trading in Persian jewelry, ivory and silk of Indochina, and pearls from Bahrain in the bazaars of the port of Hormuz. Area: 70,697 km2 (27,296 sq mi) Population: 1,776,415 Elevation: 6 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros Range. The province experiences a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 120 °F (49 °C) in summers. There is very little precipitation year-round.

counties

  1. Bastak
  2. Parsian
  3. Bandar Lengeh
  4. Abumusa
  5. Qeshm
  6. Khamir
  7. Bandar Abbas
  8. Hajji Abad
  9. Rudan
  10. Minab
  11. Sirik
  12. Bashagard
  13. Jask

Attractions
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About Golestan

Golestān Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, located in the north-east of the country south of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Gorgan. The province was put as part of Region 1 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014. Majority of its population are Shia Muslims, and minority are Sunni Muslims. Golestān was split off from the province of Mazandaran in 1997. It has a population of 1.7 million (2011) and an area of 20,380 km². Area: 20,367 km2 (7,864 sq mi) Population: 1,777,014 Elevation: 135 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Golestān enjoys mild weather and a temperate climate most of the year. Geographically, it is divided into two sections: The plains, and the mountains of the Alborz range. In the eastern Alborz section, the direction of mountains faces northeast and gradually decreases in height. The highest point of the province is Shavar, with a height of 3,945 meters.

counties

  1. Aliabad
  2. Aqqala
  3. Azadshahr
  4. Bandar-e Gaz
  5. Gonbad-e Qabus
  6. Gorgan
  7. Kalaleh
  8. Kordkuy
  9. Maraveh Tappeh
  10. Minudasht
  11. Ramian
  12. Torkaman

Attractions
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About Markazi

Markazi Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word markazi means central in Persian. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4. Markazi lies in western Iran. Its capital is Arak. Its population is estimated at 1.41 million. The present borders of the province date to the 1977, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province, with portions being annexed by Esfahan, Semnan Province, and Zanjan. Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC, which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area. In the early centuries Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh and Khomein. In recent times, the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area. Many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province. namely: Mirza Abu'l-Qasem Qa'em-Maqam, Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani, Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, Mirza Bozorg Qa'em-Maqam, Mahmoud Hessabi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Araki, and many others. Area: 29,127 km2 (11,246 sq mi) Population: 1,429,475 Elevation: Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location  

Weather Information

The climate of Markazi Province is moderate, with quite chilly summers and icy winters.
In mountains, the average annual rainfall amounts to 370 millimeters. The mountains are always covered with snow in the cold season with the temperature dropping to -5 degrees centigrade.

counties

  1. Saveh
  2. Arak
  3. Mahallat
  4. Zarandiyeh
  5. Khomein
  6. Delijan
  7. Tafresh
  8. Ashtian
  9. Shazand
  10. Farahan

Attractions

About Kurdistan

Kurdistan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The province of Kurdistan is 28,817 km² in area which encompasses just one-fourth of the areas in Iran inhabited by Kurds. It is located in the west of Iran, in Region 3, and bound by Iraq on the west, the province of West Azerbaijan to its north, Zanjan to the northeast, Hamedan to the east and Kermanshah to the south. The capital of Kurdistan Province is the city of Sanandaj. The mountainous lands of this area first encouraged Iranian-speaking tribes to settle in this region after their immigration to Iran. It was from here where the first plan to overthrow the Assyrian Empire began, leading to their defeat in 612 BCE, and setting the stage for the commence of the Median empire. Area: 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) Population: 1,603,011 Elevation: 1490 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Kurdistan Province is one of the most mountainous (hilly) regions in Iran and has a generally mild and quite pleasant climate throughout the spring and summer. Winters are long and can be very cold with heavy snowfalls.

counties

  1. Marivan
  2. Baneh
  3. Saqqez
  4. Qorveh
  5. Piranshahr
  6. Bijar
  7. Kamyaran
  8. Dehgolan
  9. Diwandarreh
  10. Sarvabad

Attractions

About Mazandaran

Mazandaran Province, is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran. Mazandaran Province is one of the most densely populated provinces in Iran and has diverse natural resources, notably large reservoirs of oil and natural gas. The province's four largest counties are Sari, Amol, Nur, and Tonekabon. It was founded in 1937. The diverse nature of the province features plains, prairies, forests and rainforest stretching from the sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea to the rugged and snowcapped Alborz sierra, including Mount Damavand, one of the highest peaks and volcanos in Asia. Mazandaran is a major producer of farmed fish, and aquaculture provides an important economic addition to traditional dominance of agriculture. Another important contributor to the economy is the tourism industry, as people from all of Iran enjoy visiting the area. Mazandaran is also a fast-growing centre for. Area: 23,833 km2 (9,202 sq mi) Population: 3,073,943 Elevation: 499 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

Mazandaran province naturally comes under the influence of the geographical latitude, Alborz heights, elevation from sea level, distance from the sea, and the southern barren areas of Turkmenistan, local and regional air currents, and versatile vegetation cover. Therefore, prompting the climate of the province to be divided into three types : Moderate Caspian weather with hot, humid summers, and mild, humid winters. Moderate mountainous weather with long, cold, and freezing winters and mild and short summers, and cold mountainous weather with long freezing winters and short cool summers. There is often snowfall during most of the seasons in the latter region, which continues till mid summer.

counties

  1. Ramsar
  2. Tonekabon
  3. Chaloos
  4. Noshahr
  5. Noor
  6. Amol
  7. Mahmod Abad
  8. Babolsar
  9. Joybar
  10. Babol
  11. Qaemshahr
  12. Sari
  13. Savad kooh
  14. Neka
  15. Behshahr

Attractions
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About Khuzestan

Khuzestan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the southwest of the country, bordering Iraq and the Persian Gulf. Its capital is Ahvaz and it covers an area of 63,238 km2.  In 2014 it was placed in Region 4. As the Iranian province with the oldest history, it is often referred to as the "birthplace of the nation", as this is where the history of the Elamites begins. Historically, one of the most important regions of the Ancient Near East, Khuzestan is what historians refer to as ancient Elam, whose capital was in Susa. The Achaemenid Old Persian term for Elam was Hujiyā when they conquered it from the Elamites, which is present in the modern name. Khuzestan, meaning "the Land of the Khuz" refers to the original inhabitants of this province, the "Susian" people (Old Persian "Huza" or Huja (as in the inscription at the tomb of Darius the Great at Naqsh-e Rostam, (the Shushan of the Hebrew sources) where it is recorded as inscription as "Hauja" or "Huja"). In Middle Persian the term evolves into "Khuz" and "Kuzi". The pre-Islamic Partho-Sasanian Inscriptions gives the name of the province as Khuzestan. The seat of the province has for the most of its history been in the northern reaches of the land, first at Susa (Shush) and then at Shushtar. During a short spell in the Sasanian era, the capital of the province was moved to its geographical center, where the river town of Hormuz-Ardasher, founded over the foundation of the ancient Hoorpahir by Ardashir I, the founder of the Sasanian Dynasty in the 3rd century CE. This town is now known as Ahvaz. However, later in the Sasanian time and throughout the Islamic era, the provincial seat returned and stayed at Shushtar, until the late Qajar period. With the increase in the international sea commerce arriving on the shores of Khuzistan, Ahvaz became a more suitable location for the provincial capital. Area: 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) Population: 4,711,000 Elevation: ‎21 m Time Zone: IRST (UTC+03:30), Summer: IRST (UTC+04:30) Location

Weather Information

The climate of Khuzestan is generally very hot and occasionally humid, particularly in the south, while winters are much more cold and dry. Summertime temperatures routinely exceed 45 °C (113 °F) degrees Celsius and in the winter it can drop below freezing, with occasional snowfall, all the way south to Ahvaz. Khuzestan is possibly one of the hottest places on earth with maximum temperature in summer soaring up to 55 °C (131 °F) degrees Celsius air temperature with temperatures coming close to 60 degrees Celsius at times. The world’s highest unconfirmed temperature was a temperature flare up during a heat burst in June 1967, with a temperature of 87 °C in Abadan in the Khuzestan province. [30] Reliable measurements in the city range from −5 to 53 °C (23 to 127 °F). Khuzestan has desert conditions and experiences many sandstorms.

counties

  1. Andimeshk
  2. Dezful
  3. Lali
  4. Andika
  5. Gotvand
  6. Shush
  7. Shushtar
  8. Masjed Soleyman
  9. Izeh
  10. Dasht-e Azadegan
  11. Hoveyzeh
  12. Bavi
  13. Haftkel
  14. Bagh-e Malek
  15. Ramhormoz
  16. Ahvaz
  17. Karun
  18. Ramshir
  19. Omidiyeh
  20. Aghajari
  21. Behbahan
  22. Hendijan
  23. Mahshahr
  24. Shadegan
  25. Khorramshahr
  26. Abadan

Attractions

Travel Time


Best time to visit Iran is April-June and October-December, however for special tours such as Ski, there are different seasons.

Ski: is possible in different slops from November till May.

 

Nomads: Most famous nomads of Iran are Ghashghaee nomad that are located Semirom in central Iran between April and September.

 

Desert: Normally it’s nice to visit deserts of Iran during autumn & winter.

 

For other type of tours, please check with us through info@persia-tourism.com.

Events and Festivals


Since Iran is a large country with various ethnic groups and climates, there are lots of events and ceremonies along the year.

Important words and phrases


Hello:  Salam سلام