The city is located in north of Khuzestan . It is 95 km far from Ahwaz, the center of Province.
During different periods of time Shushtar name is changed. As in the Elamite times it was known as Adamdun. In the Achaemenid era its name was Surkutir and its modern name that is called Shushtar, is connected with the name of Shush where is located about 30km far from Shushtar. Shushtar means greater and better.
During the Sassanid era, it was an island city on the Karoun river and selected to become the summer capital. The river was channeled to form a moat around the city, while bridges and main gates into Shushtar were built to the east, west, and south. Several rivers nearby are conducive to the extension of agriculture; the cultivation of sugar cane, the main crop, dates back to 226. A system of subterranean channels called Qanats, which connected the river to the private reservoirs of houses and buildings, supplied water for domestic use and irrigation, as well as to store and supply water during times of war when the main gates were closed. Traces of these qanats can still be found in the crypts of some houses
Shushtar is in Khuzestan province of Iran and is one of the oldest cities of the Persian Empire.During different periods of time , Shushtar name is changed , in the Adamdun , in the Achaemenid era Surkutir and then Shushtar that is connected with the name of Shush or Susa , Shushtar means greater and better than Shush , since it has been built after Shush
This city is built next to a great river called Karoon. Roman soldiers captured in the war by the Persians were forced to build the fascinating irrigation system and hydraulic structures of the city by which water of this large river is divided and later on used to empower around 40 water-mills and then combine the flow of the water into one stream again. It is said that after building the city, Roman soldiers are given the choice to stay there as citizens and some agreed to the offer and remained in the city.
At the time the Empror was trying to build a better city than Shush city that was famous at the time and therefore, he called it “better that Shuh” or Shuhtar.
The best time of the year to visit the site as it is the same for most of the other sites in Iran is early or mid-spring. You are advised to visit the site early in the morning for the cool temperature and quiet and nice atmosphere before other visitors arrive. Also this time is the best time for the photography.
Site is located inside of the ancient city. It has lots of ups and downs and stairs. Make sure you see all the different parts of the site. It might be highly crowded during national holidays.
This site is registered by UNESCO as 10th Iranian heritage site.
This is a must see site