Hamadan is located in the foothills of the Zagros mountains which link Iran with Iraq. The impressive Mt. Alvand with 3,580m height is one of the natural attraction of Hamadan. The city plan largely laid out in 1,928 by German architect Karl Fritsch.
The ancient 7th century city believed to be among the oldest cities in Iran. the city was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. Its ancient name is Ecbatana which is used in the Ezra textbook. According to Herodotus Ecbatana was a shining jewel with seven layers of city walls. The city developed during Parthian regime and remained a summer capital but neglected in Sassanid times. It was invaded by Arab armies in 645 A.D., mongol armies in 1,221 and Ottoman Empire in the 17th century.
Its population was 548,378 at the 2010 census. The native people of Hamedan speak Persian but around the city and villages speak Turkish.
The main historical symbols of this city are the Hegmataneh Archelogical Hill, Ganj Nameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher tomb.
Hamadan has many historical stories to tell you!
- Alvand Mountain with an altitude of 3,574 meters is the highest peak in the province.
- Garo Mountain in the south of the Nahavand (3,316)
- Lashgardar Mountain in the southwest of the Malayer (2,928)
- Khangormaz Mountain in the west of the Touyserkan (2,868)
- Siahdarreh Mountain in Touyserkan (2,818)
- Gamasab River It is one of the longest rivers throughout the country.
- Ghogholroor river
- Gharahchay river
- Khoramrood river
- Talvar River